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History of St Helena

Portugese Discovery 1502-1658

       May, St. Helena Day, the uninhabited Island was discovered by the Portuguese admiral, João da Nova, who was returning home after defeating a fleet belonging to the Zamorin, or ruler, of Calicut, on the west coast of India. Da Nova anchored in the lee of the Island opposite a deep valley. A timber chapel was built in the valley which later became the site of Jamestown. The exact day is not known but theories suggest 18th August, 3rd May, 21st May and 30th July 1503.

        Fern?o Lopez, a Portuguese prisoner on his way home to Portugal, marooned himself on the Island. Apart from a visit to Europe, when he confessed his sins to the Pope, he spent his remaining 30 years on the Island in solitary occupation. The factual basis of this is debated.

        September, 25th Edward Fenton announces intention of seizing St Helena - “to possesse the same, and theire to be proclaimed kyng.”. The Island was intended as a base for plundering Dutch Ships, however he sailed to Brazil.

        January, 31st, William Barrett is the first recorded Englishman on the island, he announced “[[St helena is]] fruitful of all things which a man can imagine”.

        June, 8th The English explorer, Captain Thomas Cavendish, landed on the last stage of his voyage around the world on his ship Desire. He found that the Island had been regularly used by Portuguese sailors on their voyages to and from the East Indies. As well as a church, two houses had been constructed, vegetables and herbs planted, and the Island was now home to many pigs and goats which had been left to breed. Cavendish is often reported to be the first Englishman on the island, however this is false.

        May, 12th Dutchman Jan Huygen Linschoten visits, and later writes what became the definitive history of the discovery of St Helena.

        Abraham Kendall, captain of the Royal Merchant, part of the first fleet of English East Indiamen on their way east, landed with a crew suffering from scurvy. They later recovered.

        King Philip II of Spain and Portugal warned his fleet not to touch St. Helena on their return from Goa. English captains had learned of the rich pickings, and were lying in wait at St. Helena to capture the laden Portuguese ships on their way home.

        April, 3rd Captain Sir James Lancaster, returning from the first trading voyage of the East India Company, anchored off Chapel Valley on 3rd April in order to refresh his crew. He discovers an abandoned sailor, John Segar. Segar is so overcome he dies. Lancaster makes a longer visit in June 1603.

        December, 31st The East India Company is founded in England.

        May, 2nd Oliver Nort’s fleet arrives. The pilot is ‘Captaine Melis’.

        June, 16th Sir James Lancaster revisits St Helena.

        Febuary, 2nd The East India Company fleet arrives under Henry Middleton. He describes Chappel Valley as having ‘many trees’. (sources also state 1603)

        April, 5th Dutch officer Admiral Wittert reports “The fleet being 26° 40S, had orders to bear for the island of St Helena. One finds there good oranges, pomegranates and lemons, enough to serve for the refreshment of the crew of five or six vessels. We saw also a quantity of parsley, purslain, senery, sorrel and camomile herbs, which eaten in soups or in salads are very good against the Scurvy.”

        June, 25th Francois Pryard makes his second visit to the island. He finds the Portuguese chapel desecrated. The damage is seen as an act of revenge by the Dutch who blamed the Portuguese for taking letters left in Chapel Valley by Dutch ships for their compatriots to collect. There is evidence to show that letters left by the Portuguese were also taken - probably by the Dutch.

        June, 13th Dutch warship the Witte Leeuw arrives, and loses a “brief but spectacular” naval action with two Portuguese carracks.

        Febuary, 17th Walter Peyton & William Keeling arrive and report meeting an inhabitant, ‘Cory’, who “came downe with three sheep, and promised more: but hasted away to his wife and children, which he said now dwelt further.”

        June, 13th John Hatch in the James spends seven days resting his crew at St Helena. During this time they catch about fifty pigs and goats and pick about four thousand lemons for the ships stores. Lemons are an effective deterrent against Scurvy.

        Febuary, 22th The Roebuck captained by Richard Swan arrives. There are already two Dutch ships at anchor. The Dutch Wappen with a cargo of cloves from Amboyna (The Spice Islands) catches fire three days later.

        June, 13th John Darby, a Master’s Mate, dies in St Helena and is buried in the chapel which gave Chapel Valley its name. The chapel was built in 1571 and though suffering at the hands of some visiting crews was still in existence.

        April, 15th The Dutch government of the United Provinces claims possession of the Island. There is no evidence that it was ever acted upon, let alone that they either fortified or occupied the Island.

        March, 21st East India Company ship ‘The Dolphin’ arrives, commanded by William Fremlen. The visit is recorded in the memorial stone, currently outside The Castle, later used as a place to leave letters for onward transmission by other ships.

        May, 4th Settlers arrive to commence settlement of St Helena, under control of the East India Company.

        May, 6th A dispatch from the East India Company in London advises vessels to avoid St Helena for fear of attack, Possibly from the Dutch or maybe from Prince Rupert.

        April, 8th Jan Van Riebeeck, the founder of the first Dutch settlement in South Africa, calls at St Helena with the Governor General of the Dutch East Indies. Van Riebeeck records in his journal the visit of the Tulp whose crew took aboard pigs, apple saplings and horses. Horses are left on St Helena to breed and then be captured for use by crews of following vessels.

        August, 24th Van Riebeeck, in his journal, refers to “old St Helena” to distinguish it from St Helena Nova, thought at the time to exist to the east.
        October, 19th The Commonwealth under Lord Protector of the Commonwealth, Oliver Cromwell grants a new charter to the East India Company. This gave the Company the right to fortify and colonize any of it's establishments, and to transport settlers, stores and ammunition. Because of the potential importance of St. Helena as a fortress and staging post on the way home from India, the Company prepared to claim the Island.
        December, 1st Parliament issues an order for a ship to sail to Helena and “convoy home such ships as have arrived there from the East Indies”.

        March, 31st Johan Nieuhof visits and reports “It is very surprising to conceive so small an island at so vast a distance at sea.”
        November, 18th Merchants of the East India Company petition the Admiralty to send a man of war to St Helena to protect the next convoy of East Indiamen expected from India the following summer. The Admiralty agrees to despatch the Marmaduke with 150 men and 36 guns.
        December, 15thth The East India Company’s Court of Directors decide it would be to their advantage to occupy the “uninhabited” island of St Helena, fortify it and establish plantations. Two days later Captain John Dutton to settle the island. 17thth Captain John Dutton is appointed to lead a company of forty men and establish the East India Company’s first overseas settlement, on St Helena.

East India Rule 1659-1834

        January, 5th The East India Company draws up plans for Captain Dutton to plant and fortify St Helena when establishing a settlement. On the 11th a Commission is issued by the East India Company for Captain Dutton to establish a settlement on St Helena and “with drum and trumpett proclaime the same”.
        May, 5th The “uninhabited” island of St Helena is officially settled, and Governor John Dutton is appointed the island’s first Governor, on a salary of £200 per annum. The building of the fort was commenced immediately, and a little town sprang up in Chapel Valley; this first settlement was subsequently named Jamestown, after King James II.
        June, 4th Governor John Dutton completes the first phase of ‘The Castle of St. John’ (presumably named after its creator; now The Castle).

        December, 19th A letter from the East India Company releives Governor Dutton of his post so that he can establish a new colony in Pulo Run (in modern Malaysia). His deputy Robert Stringer, is to take over with a mere 30 men with which to garrison the Island.

        April, 3rd The first Royal Charter of King Charles II confirmed the East India Company's right to possess, fortify and settle the Island of St. Helena on behalf of the Crown.

        Despite attempts to attract settlers, colonists only came in small numbers, but some victims of the Great Fire of London arrived during this year. Each settler was given a parcel of land in freehold, but with it went the responsibility to assist in the maintenance of the fortifications and to act as part of the defending force.

        The East India Company, mindful of the spiritual need of their employees, sent the first of a long sequence of Church of England Chaplains. An early, modest little church was replaced by a slightly bigger one in 1674, but this was probably not called St. James until replaced again by the present church in 1774. Another church was built shortly afterwards near the present St. Paul's.
        March 1st Governor Richard Coney arrives accompanied by Richard Noakes the new chaplain. Noakes was one chaplain among several during this period in history who causes social unrest - mainly by drinking too much.

        August, 21st Three planters seize Governor Coney and imprison him until a ship arrives (two months later) to return him to London. There are no recorded consequences because the East India Company had already decided to replace Coney with Governor Beale, who arrived later that year.
        December, 20th Four Dutch ships, led by Jacob de Gens, arrive off St Helena aiming to invade. On the 31stThe Dutch invade and capture St Helena. Governor Anthony Beale makes for Brazil.

        January, 1st Governor Jacob de Geus is appointed as Dutch commander, but for less than a month. He is replaced by Governor John Coon, also Dutch commander. On the 12th Captain Richard Munden sails with his squadron from England, not knowing he will meet Governor Beale’s ship the Humphrey and Elizabeth 11Km from St Helena and play a major part in retaking the island from the Dutch.
        May, 14th 400 English troops sail into Prosperous Bay, aiming to retake the island from the Dutch. On the next day, The 15th The English re-take possession of James Fort and the Dutch Invaders are expelled from the island. Governor Richard Munden is appointed, but only for a short time. Governor Richard Keigwin is appointed the same month. On the 31st Lieutenant Coenrad Breitenbach arrives at St Helena. Sent by the Dutch to be the island’s next Dutch governor, he is promptly captured by the English who have been back in control of the island since the 15th.
        June, 4th Naval skirmishes continue with Dutch ships sailing homeward from the Cape. Seven Dutch vessels are sighted off the island and a warning signalled to the fort. Shore batteries fire on the Dutch vessels which then sail away into the night.
        December, 6th Former Governor Richard Munden is knighted by the king for his role in defeating the Dutch invasion. On the 16th The second Royal Charter of Charles II to the East India Company, issued on 16th December, dealt specifically with St. Helena, and sought to correct the mistakes shown up by the Dutch capture, to confirm yet more clearly the significance of the Island as a fortress, and to emphasize it's importance to the Crown. On the 19th The East India Company appoints Captain Field Governor, with Captain Beale as his deputy.

        June, 4th The East India Company passes on an instruction from King Charles II that Edmond Halley be facilitated to visit St Helena.

        Febuary, 1st Edmond Halley visits, sets up an observatory and observes the positions of 341 stars in the Southern hemisphere, publishing his results in Catalogus Stellarum Australium. His observation site is near St Mathew’s Church in the Longwood district.
        October, 28th From St Helena Edmond Halley observes a Transit of Mercury.
        November, 22nd Edmond Halley writes home complaining of the bad weather he has been experiencing.

        June, 18th Governor Blackmore arrives with soldiers and passengers, some of whom left their names on the island permanently, including Trapp and Chubb.
        September, 30th Damage caused to St. James’ Church by extreme heat is assessed for the cost of repairs. The repair bill is to be paid by the island’s inhabitants - subject to a limit of 12 pence per year.
        December, 2nd Two soldiers killed on duty at the Crane Battery by falling rocks. A stout timber shelter is then provided.

        Febuary, 24th Visiting ships’ crews are accused of causing a scarcity of lemons by taking more than they need.
        September, 29th One Lieutenant Johnson is allotted 30 acres “commonly known by the name of the Great Bottom not farr from the High Peak” - now Broad Bottom.
        November, 3rd John Boston accuses his ‘black’(slave) - Sattoe - of trying to kill him. Sattoe claims his master regularly beat him. This is not accepted as just cause. Sottoe is sentenced to have his hand cut off, then to be hanged and his head cut off and mounted above the Market.
        December, 22nd It is recorded that “Many contentious persons on frivolous occasions trouble one another by complaining of words spoken some months or years before. All such complaints must in future be made on the following Council day. Such frivolous complaints have occasioned the Governor and Council to spend much precious time to compose their impertenant brablings and squabblings”.

        March, 20th It is reported that “Two freemen having sold their land in order to return to England are allowed to go but none in future who have received land or cattle from the Company are to sell until they know whether they will be allowed to leave.”
        May, 10th 20 acres alloted to William Young - what is now Young’s Valley.
        September, 27th Decided by the island’s rulers that women are forbidden to board visiting ships - except in daylight and in the company of their husbands.

        Febuary, 12th Mr Greentree and Mr Colson are suspended from Council after being observed “most active” at an unlicensed open air protest meeting.
        March, 3rd Sixty-six free planters, who were ordered by the East India Company to help with island defence works, claim payment for the work done. Governor Blackmore states their claims are unreasonable but eventually pays 30% of the amount they claimed.

        The Laws and Constitution for the Island of St. Helena reaffirmed by the Company in London, as `agreeable to the nature of the people and not contrary to the laws and statutes of the Kingdom of England'.
        January, 16th A stone wall is reported to have been completed, enclosing what is now Castle Gardens.
        March, 13rd A seaman, left in St Helena to recover from sickness is found to be skilled in mathematics, navigation and other sciences. Because of this he is allowed the privileges of a free planter. Later, because he has been uncivil to Governor Blackmore he is deported.

        August, 1st It is reported that “We heard very scandalous reports of loose women going on board our ships. For the future suffer none to board upon any pretence without a lycence in writing". On the 27th Joseph Trapp is granted land near Lemon Valley - now known as Trapp Cott.

        January, 8th Former Governor Field returns to the island and is later put in charge of maintaining the East India Company’s buildings.
        April, 5th The East India Company instructs that salt manufacture be commenced on St Helena. On 25th The Court of Directors of the East India Company send to Governor Blackmore expressing hopes that plans for a sugar plantation are now well under way, suggesting ways to collect sea salt for the preservation of meat and fish and proposing growing rice on the high ground to provide cereal in the islander’s diet.
        July, 14th Gabriel Powell is fined £15 (£2,000 inflation adjusted 2016) for trading with an interloper (also known as privateers - ships which traded without the benefit of the Charter granted to the East India Company). Powell’s cows, the subject of the trade, are seized.
        August, 12th John Sinsenigs charged with “using blasphemous words during his pains and sufferings.” Referred to the Minister for penance.
        October Brief insurrection of several planters and soldiers, who marched on the fort when their ringleader Adam Dennison had been imprisoned after a quarrel. Four were hanged, and some banished from the Island. A trial the following year resulted in a further five of the mutineers being executed.
        November, 26th Resulting from a soldiers’ rebellion and sailors’ mutiny the month before and because “planters are inclinable to be mutinous”, the East India Company orders commanders of its ships to stay up to one month anchored in James Bay and to help keep order if required.

        May, 6th The East India Company says the makers of the recent mutiny had been treated too leniently and insists on tougher punishments in the future.

        January, 1st Richard Hancock is captured after living and hiding in remote parts of the island for 22 months. He is one of the leading figures in the October 1684 rebellion when soldiers and planters attempted to take possession of Fort James.
        June, 22nd Young Thomas Eastings (14), convicted of many thefts, is sentenced to be whipped and then sent off aboard a dangerously leaky ship, the Resolution, needing someone to man the pumps.

        January, 6th Several different currencies are used for trading. Weighed and stamped copper bars are also legal tender but their weight makes them unpopular. It is decreed a criminal offence not to accept copper bars for up to half the purchase value.
        August, 3th The East India Company writes to the St Helena Council describing former Governor Gregory Field as a “useless burden” and asking that he be sent back to the UK.
        November, 24th A man found guilty of poisoning his employer is sentenced to be burnt alive.

        July, 9th The Attorney General prosecutes Parrum for selling Punch [without a licence]. Parrum’s defence is that he does not sell Punch - he sells his customers “six lessons of musieck for a dollar and gives a bowl of Punch into the bargain”.

        January, 7th John Knipe complains that Bridget Coales, who had promised to marry him, has now broken her promise and has been seen sitting in the lap of the butcher of the ship Modena. To add further insult she has compared Knipe to “an old dog of her father’s.” For her outspoken views and inconsistent behaviour Bridget Coales is ordered to pay £15 damages.

        January, 6th Several French protestants arrive and start a wine industry at Horse Pasture. The attempt fails. One of their number, Stephen Poirier, later becomes Governor Poirier. On the 16thMatthew Pouncey, one of the planters involved with the 1684 rebellion, escapes the death sentence and is permitted to go to Bombay. He had offered his land to the government; no doubt this helped him avoid the gallows.
        Febuary, 17th Two men visiting the island are suspected of being pirates because of the large amount of gold in their possession. They admit being retired pirates and are sent as prisoners to England.
        March, 12th Jack, a son of Black Oliver, is charged with an offence even though there is no evidence against him. The jury at the trial finds him not guilty but he is still flogged anyway before being discharged. (Jack is black.)
        June, 28th Ten of the “most lazy and weakly of the Company’s slaves” are sold for prices ranging from £8 to £27 (£1,750 to £6,000 inflation adjusted 2016). The slaves’ ages range from eight to twenty-seven.
        December, 2nd Governor Blackmore, when returning from a journey to the country, looses his footing near Putty Hill and falls to his death. Governor Joshua Johnston is appointed to replace him.

        April, 22nd Many forts are reported damaged by recent “great and unusual Floods.”
        June, 20th Captain Dampier drops anchor in James Bay, staying 6 days.
        October, 26th Arrack is sold at the Plantation by the East India Company.

        June, 2nd An (unnamed) slave is convicted of an (unspecified) crime and sentenced to death, but then because he is not “within pale of the Church” (i.e. not a Christian) the sentence is commuted to “some punishment next to death” (also unspecified).
        July, 25th Slaves are suspected of killing a cow. One suspect is whipped in order to extract a ‘true’ confession. After several lashes the slave confesses. After recovering from his ordeal he retracts his confession. Physical and mental torture is then inflicted on other slaves but again to no avail.
        September, 12th The look out position at Matts Mount [Flagstaff] is abandoned. The fog and haze frequently over Flagstaff make visibility of enemy ships difficult. Instead, alarm guns positioned at Prosperous Bay would be used to alert the island of approaching unidentified ships.

        January, 2nd Jamy, a slave, is found guilty of ‘Sorcery’ and sentenced to be burned to death.
        April, 21st The `Jackson Conspiracy', in which 27 mutineers planned to seize the fort, imprison Governer Johnston and the council, and escape from the island on the Company ship Francis and Mary anchored in James Bay .The plan went wrong and they killed the Governor. Governor Richard Kelinge is appointed to replace him.
        May, 4th No executioner is available to carry out the sentence on three mutineers. One of the mutineers is spared, so he can execute the other two.
        July, 4th William Birch dies after a fall at White Hill while herding goats. The place of the fatality is still known as Billy Birch.

        November, 28th Sandy Bay to be fortified with two guns to repel any possible enemy landing.

        December, 14th The body of Mary Tewsdale, who must have been accused of being a witch, is found washed up on Sandy Bay Beach. It is ordered she be buried at Half Way Tree with a stake driven through her body and covered with stones.

        November, 30th Governor Kelinge dies; Governor Stephen Poirier is appointed.

        January, 18th Governor Kelinge’ widow leaves the governor’s residence and takes with her most of the plate and pewter. Within a month or two she remarries - to a Mr Carne.
        July, 19th Records list 71 planters, 23 employed in government and 92 men as planter’s slaves. This list excludes numbers of soldiers and government slaves.
        October, 5th Wild goat population has increased so much that cattle cannot survive on the remaining grazing. Hunting parties are organised every Wednesday to shoot wild goats.

        January, 23th Reported that the island is suffering from a long drought.
        Febuary, 13th Twenty pirates who were pardoned by the King arrive on the island. Four of them are allowed to stay in the hope of “considerable profit to the inhabitants.”

        April, 3rd Punishment for runaway slaves is ordered as follows: 1st offence: to wear an iron collar for one year; 2nd offence: to have the little finger cut off; 3rd offence: to have the next finger cut off; 4th offence: to be castrated or if a women to have her ears cut off.

        January, 1st East India Company orders a tax on firewood and distilled Arrack. Many trees have been destroyed to distil the spirit. Too much drinking is affecting many people’s health and causing quarrelsome behaviour.
        August, 1st A great flood washes away several houses. On the 26th Governor Poirier imposes a 10pm curfew to try to limit the great increase in drunkenness.
        October, 28th In expectation of war, 70 crowbars are prepared for ‘rolling rocks’, the standard defence against an invading army.
        November, 11th Luffkin fined 6s for making his slave work on a Sunday.

        A Trip to St Helena is published in London, Unknown author
        August, 4th It is decided to fortify Rupert’s Valley.
        October, 6th Governor Poirier proposes corporal punishment for three accused found guilty of stealing Arrack. The jury asks that they be hanged instead. Two of them are.

        March, 31st Ralph Gates convicted of “quitting his post at Bankses”. Sentenced to ride the Wooden Horse for one hour - the first recorded use of this punishment.

        January, 17th Gabriel Powell on Tuesday whipt his slave boy aged 8 years till his back was in some places raw and on Wednesday threw him with his hands tyed into a bed of nettles which venomed and stung him to that degree that he immediately fell into convulsions and dyed. For this, fined 40s.

        May, 8th Two burglars are whipped then sent to Borneo where workers are needed.

        Two Company ships stolen by the French as they lay at anchor in the Roads.
        July, 13th Decision taken to build the moat in front of the Castle and Grand Parade.
        August, 11th August flooding causes damage to the fortifications at Rupert’s Valley.

        April, 8th Henry Francis is given possession of two acres of land on Water Fall Plain. This land was previously owned by his late father-in-law. Water Fall Plain then become known by the name of its owner.
        June, 25th John Luffin sells his house and 30 acres of land near Great Plantation to the Government before sailing for England.
        August, 26th Mrs. Clavering is charged with “scandalizing the whole Island” and sentenced to be “duckt in the sea at the Crane”[i.e. at the Wharf]. On appeal her sentence is reduced. To whom she appealed - and how - are not recorded. On the 27th Governor Poirier rendered ‘speechless’ by “dropsical distemper” (Edema).
        September, 8th Governor Poirier dies of “dropsical distemper” (Edema)
        November, 4th A Mr Carne is in dispute with one Daniel Griffiths. Griffiths feels Carne is favoured because he is a Roman Catholic and Griffiths himself is out of favour because he was a close friend of the late Governor Kelinge. This feud lasts eight years. On 18th prices at the Company stores were: Yam, 6s/cwt; Beef, 25s/cwt; Butter, 10d/lb; Pork, 4d/lb; Potatoes, 4s/bushel; Fowels, 1s 4d each; Turkies, 5s each; Geese, 5s each; Goat, 8s each; Roasting Pig, 3s each; Milk, 3d/gallon; Sheep, 20s each; Beans, 9s/bushel; Running Hoggs, 2d/lb.
        December, 30th Because the East India Company has a large herd of cattle on St Helena - and plenty to spare to sell to passing ships - civilians are forbidden to sell meat to the passing ships.

        Following commercial rivalries between the original English East India Company and a New East India Company created in 1698, a new Company was formed by amalgamation, and entitled the `United Company of Merchants of England Trading to the East Indies'. St. Helena was then transferred from the old to the new, and the United East India Company became Lords Proprietors of the Island.
        Febuary, 22nd Captain Mashborne claims to have found small amounts of gold among the limestone dug from Breakneck Valley after it was fired in a kiln. A reward of £250 is offered for anyone finding a gold mine (Still unclaimed).
        March, 22nd Legislation devaluing Spanish Pieces of Eight from 6s to 5s allows traders to buy Spanish Dollars cheap in St Helena and sell them dear in Madras at the 6s rate.
        August, 24th Governor John Roberts is appointed. On 26thCouncil resolves to go ahead with the Governor Roberts’ scheme to build a fort which is now The Castle.
        September, 28th A report on the capture of ‘runaway negroes’ states the reason for running away is “their cruel usage beyond measure.” Measures taken to ensure quicker reporting of runaway slaves. Nothing done to prevent their “cruel usage.”
        October, 12th A reward of £100 is offered to anyone quarrying stone to be burnt into lime. The lime is urgently needed to repair fortifications.

        Febuary, 22nd The short-lived Breakneck Valley Gold Rush:- The volcano, unlike Ascension and Tristan, is now extinct. Being an ocean volcano, it holds no valuable minerals. Ignorance of that fact encouraged vain hopes in the early years, as this optimistic ruling shows:

22nd February 1709
A Declaration by the Governor and Council

For the encouragement of any person that shall be
industrious towards finding a mine (of Gold or
Copper) he shall have as a reward for his trouble, two
hundred and fifty pounds for the gold and one
hundred and fifty pounds for the copper mine; and
this rainy season being the most proper time for
looking into all the water-falls and streams, we
desire that they may apply themselves diligently
thereabouts, being assured there are such mines upon
the island.
This assurance came from a certain Captain Mashborne,
a member of the Council, who claimed to have found gold
and silver in Breakneck Valley, while searching for lime.
Lime was eventually found in good quantity near Sandy
Bay, but no metals. When his sample was sent to be
assayed in England it proved to be no more that iron
pyrites, and thus ended the `St. Helena Gold Rush'.

Governor Roberts, who had arrived the Previous year,
found that there were many laws and orders which had
been issued in earlier years and were now obsolete.
His revised laws confirmed trial by jury and enclosure
of the land. One of the Governor's chief ambitions was
to persuade the land-holders to fence their properties;
crops were ruined and trees being destroyed by the
wandering herds of sheep, goats and cattle.

        July, 5th Decision taken to build barracks alongside the Castle, on the site of the present Police Office and Court.
        September, 6th Storekeeper reports a shortage of Arrack. Ordered that “two legars” be held in reserve “to support the spirits of the people in case of an attack”.
        November, 17th Governor Roberts reports that ‘ass negroes’, i.e. Donkeys are to be brought to St Helena for carrying goods; the first record of their use on St Helena.

        March, 7th The Great Wood, which used to extend from Deadwood Plain to Prosperous Bay Plain, is reported as “not having one tree left.” A law is passed to encourage tree planting. It is feared the island would be utterly ruined in 20 years if the tree planting law is not successful.
        May, 30th The people are described as “very sickly, sending down every day to the Governor for [permission to buy] Brandy.”
        August, 15th Governor Roberts and the council decide to send the directors of the East India Company a sample of the first St Helena sugar to be produced. At the same time the directors are informed that lime, tiles, bricks, cut stones, rum and several kinds of minerals are produced in St Helena since the arrival of Governor Roberts.
        December, 19th Works are completed on the expansion of Mundens Fort.

        January, 9th Governor Roberts proposes to divert the water running from Plantation Valley to New Ground - which is a wide but waterless plain. Sugar cane and yams are to be grown there to double the revenue from harvests.
        April, 9th Governor Roberts proposes to divert a stream on to Prosperous Bay Plain so that “200 acres of good ground” could be used for farming. If this proposal had been acted upon many more of the island’s endemic species would have been lost. In the same month the Court of Directors in London replaces Roberts with Governor Boucher.
        July, 3rd Thomas Cason’s land, between Plantation House and High Peak, is possessed by the East India Company in exchange for a grant of land at Sandy Bay. Cason appears to have got the worse end of this deal but his original property still bears his name.
        August, 7rd Governor Benjamin Boucher is appointed.
        November, 1rd Three men escape from St Helena in a Long Boat with one month’s provisions. It is confirmed later they reached the West Indies.

        January, 9th It is decided to build a lime kiln at Sandy Bay as the best stone can be quarried there. The planned kiln will be capable of burning 1,000 bushels of wood at one time.

        April, 3th The damage goats cause to the island’s trees is the subject of correspondence between Governor Boucher and the Court of Directors. The island government realises the goats cause great damage but cannot see any advantage in reducing the number of goats or restricting their grazing area. In the same correspondence they request more drinking glasses to be sent out.

        Febuary, 4th East India Company Directors write alledging that Governor Boucher has been illegally trading in Company goods for personal profit. He is promptly replaced.
        June, 28th Governor Boucher leaves the island due to ill health. It is later discovered that he has stripped Plantation House of “all that was portable which might have been of service to him including the locks and keys”. The severest drought so far known caused cattle and crop losses. A supply ship from England is expected but well overdue.
        July, 8th Governor Isaac Pyke is appointed.
        August, 10th Governor Pyke is dissatisfied with the attendance at church on Sundays. He orders that all people in the Company’s service who are in Jamestown on Sundays are to attend church.
        December, 2nd The largest plantation owners are Powell: 255 acres; Carne: 111 acres; and Doveton: 151 acres. 3,089 acres of plantation and pastures are in private hands.

        January, 4th Two men on Horse Pasture climb down to the seashore at Lemon Valley to take a boat out to rescue soldiers from an overturned boat. Two soldiers are saved, three drowned. On the 29thA French ship arrives but, in view of the war, nobody is allowed onshore. Ordered that “any foreigners patrolling into the country are to be apprehended as Spyes.”
        March, 14th It is reported that “We are surprized at the large demands of Arrack. The people are grown sottish. The place is less healthfull than formerly and diseases more rife.”
        April, 26th Debated whether ‘Blinds’ (i.e. windbreak walls) should be erected in Jamestown to impede the ingress of dust. Resolved instead that windows should be glazed.
        August, 13th Jepthah Fowler makes an official complaint because his wife and a man called Andrew Berg have beaten him. Both his wife and Andrew Berg are punished. He is fined, she is given a ducking and both have to ride the Wooden Horse.
        October, 17th The landing place, then probably in the vicinity of Thompson’s Crane, is declared dangerous because of rock falls; three men have been killed and many hurt. The best place for landing is identified as Downings Cove, on the James Bay side of Mundens Point. However the cost of extending the wharf is too expensive. The proposed extension is not acted upon until 1787.
        November, 1st East India Company Stock reported as ‘145 Cattle; 242 Hoggs; 291 Goats; 69 Sheep & 12 Asses.’ Population at the time was around 900. On 15thReported that four men have stolen a longboat and a month’s provisions and fled the island. (It is later reported that they successfully reached the West Indies.)

        January, 31st It is reported that debts owed to the Company stores total £4,725. (By comparison, the Governor’s annual salary at the time was £200.)
        Febuary, 21st The high death rate in the garrison is thought to be caused by foul water which occurs during the rainy season. It is ordered that tea be drunk instead of plain water as this worked for Dutch soldiers in Batavia [Indonesia] who suffered the same problem.
        April, 5th Population reported as White: 55 men, 70 women, 23 youths, 23 maidens, 140 military, 234 children under 12) = 545; Black: 136 men, 54 women, 117 children = 310 (plus 70 Company Blacks).
        June, 12th A bullock killed to supply a vessel is refused by the ship’s captain who describes it as carrion. In explanation the butcher says he was unable to hang the beast after slaughter as there are no trees within half a mile. Asked why he should slaughter cattle in such a location the butcher further explained the shot did not kill the bullock but caused it to run off at great speed, so dogs were set upon it to give chase; the bullock ran for half a mile before being caught.
        August, 28th A Mrs Snow abandons her husband and sails off with Captain Martin in his ship Queen. Governor Pyke comments that the moral tone of the island would be improved if Jepthah Fowler’s wife and three other women had also gone.
        October, 16th The state of the Great Wood is lamented: “ The Great Wood is miserably lessened and destroyed within our memories, and is not near the circuit and length it was”.
        November, 6th Sentence is passed against Huff, a soldier, for having a child by one of the Company’s slave women. “That he be sett this evening publicly on the Wooden Horse with his face blacked over and that henceforth he be looked upon as no other than a Black.”

        Febuary, 19th Heavy surf smashes a boat with cargo to pieces.
        March, 7th After five days of heavy surf, the crane is broken and the newly built wharf is entirely ruined.
        May, 7th Governor Pyke advertises for a runaway-slave catcher because “Divers Blacks do frequently run away…and do steal and destroy provisions of all sorts.”
        June, 18th Smallpox breaks out among the slaves from Madagascar. They are quarantined in Lemon Valley.
        July, 9th Governor Pyke proposes making a good track from Jamestown through to the east of the island. As a consequence Sidepath is built.
        October, 8th The Parson is reprimanded by Governor Pyke for omitting parts of the set liturgy and threatened with being sent home. (Governor Pyke was a strict Anglican.)

        January, 1st It is reported that everything on the island is flourishing except Beans, which have all died due to the unusually cold weather.
        July, 10st It is reported that ‘Ladder Hill Path’ has been improved, but more to make invaders using it (as the Dutch did) more visible than for the convenience of travellers.

        March, 13th The East India Company instructs: “Govern yourself by our English Laws and especially remember and practise English lenity and not to mingle your passions and resentments with the sentence.”
        May, 26th The parson’s negligence of funeral duties causes Governor Pyke to order no gratuities to be paid without his signature.
        June, 13th Governor Edward Johnson is appointed. On the 30thParson Jones admits to striking Mr Tovey during an argument. Mr Tovey complains of suffering from a swollen eye.
        November, 24th Parson Jones is reprimanded for insolent behaviour and has his gratuity stopped.

        January, 17th Governor Johnson called to Thomas Swallows’s house to examine his daughter, who is alledged to be pregnant.
        April, 30th Census return for the first time reports ‘free Blacks’ (8).
        September, 5th A man admitting and found guilty of three burglaries is sentanced to be hanged. It is ordered he be executed by his accomplices in crime who are judged also to be guilty but to a lesser degree.
        October, 8th Mr Van Oosten and Mercy (the wife of Jacob) both sentanced to twenty-one lashes to be given alternately. Governor Johnson has several times warned Van Oosten about “keeping the company” of Mercy. Governor Johnson also reminded him that Mercy’s husband is suspected of cutting the throat of a man called Smitherman for being “too familiar” with his wife.

        July, 14th Population is warned not to accept Red Coats from soldiers in exchange for goods.

        Febuary, 16th Governor Johnson dies of the ‘bloody flux’. (Dysentry)
        March, 5th The weather is reported as not being “kind” for the last four years. Wood is reported as very scarce and the islanders still need encouragement to plant trees.
        April, 6th Fencing the Great Wood is still a main talking point. Again it is thought to be a sensible idea. However the anticipated reaction of islanders who graze cattle in the Great Wood seems to deter any positive decisions being taken.
        May, 28th Governor John Smith is appointed.
        September, 13th Residents petition in protest about others freeing ‘Blacks’ and demand that no more be permitted to be freed. Number of ‘free Blacks’ given as 20.
        November, 28th Parson Giles found guilty of many instances drunken and disorderly conduct; accused of drinking 4 to 6 pints of Arrack a day. Leniency shown to him because of the “cloth he wears”.

        January, 7th Starvation looms due to drought for the preceding four years. Rice is begged from a visiting ship.
        August, 31st On the last day of the month it rains, the records claim that a continuation of the drought would have turned the island into a desert. Also on 31st Totty, a slave, is tried for repeatedly running away and “leading a booters life”. The Jury, several of whom have already been great sufferers of the said Totty, petition to have him executed. (Note that the plaintiffs are also the jury!)
        October, 1st Three men washed from the rocks at Sandy Bay during high winds and stormy seas. One drowned.

        January, 4th Critically ill Governor Smith recovers his health only because a passing ship has the right medicine for his illness. Dr. Wignall is said to be “always drunk and nearly killed the Gov. by giving unsuitable medicines, his excuse being he had nothing else to give”. Dr. Wignall, for drunken disorderly conduct, is placed in the Stocks for one hour. He reportedly sings and swears the whole time.
        March, 9th A good rainy season is reported at last. Gumwood plants have sprung from seed in several parts of the island.
        May, 19th Furze is planted to mark planters’ boundaries; destined to become another invasive species.

        Febuary, 26th Governor Edward Byfield is appointed.
        September, 19th Sessions are adjourned because nobody has laid a case against anybody else
        November, 14th Several “fine trees” cut down at Flagstaff and Deadwood by trespassers.

        April, 1st Resolved that water from Chubb’s Spring be piped to the Wharf, to conveniently supply ships. (This was not actually done until around 40 years later.)

        January, 30th Despite wood burning to distil Arrack and fuel the lime kiln, a petition for the destruction of goats over a ten-year period is expected to re-establish the previous expanses of woodland.
        April, 11th A slave named Peter is whipped for giving fellow slaves nicknames, being those of Governor Byfield and several other prominent islanders.

        March, 15th Governor Isaac Pyke is appointed for the 2nd time.

        Febuary, 10th The Houghton brings coffee berries from Mocha for seed. A supply of coffee plants is expected.
        July, 26th A landslip in Lemon Valley disturbs 8 acres of land, 550m long and 80m deep. The valley’s water is said to have altered both in colour and taste.
        December, 24th Heavy rollers on Christmas Eve destroy a crane at Lemon Valley. At least 27 tonnes of rock, up to 4m long and 1.8m thick are carried into the sea by the force of the gigantic waves.

        June, 17th The Powells are accused of allowing the 12 houses they own and let out to fall into ruin. (It is not clear whether any action was taken.)

        June, 11th The water stored in tubs in Chapel Valley is declared to be the breeding ground for swarms of mosquitoes which invade every house.
        August, 6th Turk’s Cap Valley is fortified.

        January, 2nd The old ‘Sessions House’ collapses; Wellington House is built in its place.
        July, 29th The widow Powell dies and the executors ask if children she had with a ‘Black’ should be deemed to be slaves or free. They are resolved to be slaves and sold for a total of £33.

        March, 16th John Long, a prisoner, complains that he is suffering from The Flux and prays to be excused work at the fortifications until he is better. Council members Alexander and Goodwin think he ought to be allowed time to get better. Council member Crispe is of the opinion that the most effectual way to cure him is to hang him.
        August, 3rd Mary Gurling’s child is examined by the Council and two midwives, who pronounce it “a black man’s child”. Mary Gurling is sentenced to be severely punished and imprisoned till she tells who is the real father. (Andrew, a ‘Black’, is subsequently castrated.)

        February, 1st ‘Old Will’ one of the first settlers of 1659, dies aged about 104. He served under 21 Governors.
        March, 24th Governor Isaac Pyke is said to be so afflicted with gout he cannot sign his own name.

        January, 17th Water is described as “more scarce now than it was at the time of the ‘Great Drought’.” (It is not clear to which of the many preceding droughts the ‘Great Drought’ refers.)
        April, 14th It rains, ending a long drought, but many cattle die from eating too much of the fresh new grass.
        July, 28th Governor Isaac Pyke dies “in violent convulsions”, ascribed to gout. The next day Governor John Goodwin is appointed.

        September, 11th The East India Company’s assets on St Helena are valued at £28,489 (£5,842,828.64 inflation adjusted to 2016), including the Great Wood (£4,500) and Plantation House (£1,000)

        May, 9th Governor Jenkins arrives to take up office. His house is still at Lemon Grove, Sandy Bay. On 11th Governor Jenkins reports to the East India Company massive fraud on the island, involving most of the senior Council members.

        March, 22nd Governor Thomas Lambert is appointed.
        July, 20th George Gabriel Powell proclaimed Acting Governor upon the death of Governor Lambert (from an unspecified “indisposition”).

        April, 7th The East India Company is advised that a ‘Wollen manufactory’ has been set up which will supply the Company’s slaves with “Blankets and cloathes without one farthing of expense.”

        March, 11th Acting Governor George Gabriel Powell is (possibly falsely) accused of several incidents of embezzlement and abuse. Governor David Dunbar is appointed.
        October, 11th Thomas and James Greentree are fined £10 each for refusing to impound their goats at Peak Gut for inspection (the goats stand accused of destroying the Ebony trees). They are told they have been treated mercifully and warned that disobeying the law is looked upon as the beginning of rebellion and anyone guilty of rebellion would be executed.

        January, 29th Council fixes labour charges: Carpenter (or other ‘Artificer’), 3s/day; labourers, 1s/day
        Febuary, 19th Four acres in Sandy Bay leased to one Francis Wrangham (now the site of Wranghams).
        July, 9th The East India Company directs that “Goats are of more use here than Ebony.”
        September, 29th Henry Baker, a tailor, is ordered to leave the Island for saying that Lieut. George Hay is a Schrubb. (We have no idea what a ‘Schrubb’ might have been, but clearly it was not a compliment.)
        December, 31th Governor Dunbar locks up a Mr Dixon as a way to resolve an argument between them.

        July, 22nd Thomas Greentree charged with selling Arrack without a licence.
        December, 23rd The East India Company’s Court of Directors order Governor Dunbar to resign in favour of Governor Charles Hutchinson.

        March, 13th Governor Charles Hutchinson is appointed.
        June, 16th It is reported that lemon trees are now rare. Many of those which bore much fruit are now dead.

        February, 11th Admiral Boscawen, Commander-in-Chief in the East Indies, arrives on the island with eight ships.

        November, 23rd William Webber Doveton is born, one of eight children born to John and Mary (Worral) Doveton.

        January, 20th High surf damages fortifications in several places.
        July, 17th The Burial Ground in Jamestown is now so filled with bodies it is impossible to lay a corpse at the proper depth.

        June, 7th Two ‘small’ earthquakes are reported; no damage is recorded.

        January, 31st Soldiers are to be employed killing wild cats.

        March, 5th Three French ships effectively blockade the island, chasing off visiting vessels. They remain until 23rd May.

        December, 31th The East India Company advises that Nevil Maskelyne and his party are coming to St Helena and should be afforded every support at the Company’s expense.

        May, 28th Nevil Maskelyne and Robert Waddington set up an observatory to observe the Transit of Venus following a suggestion first made by Halley on his visit nearly a century before. However, bad weather prevents any useful observations. Instead Maskelyne uses his journey to develop a method of determining longitude using the position of the moon, which becomes known as the ‘lunar distance method’.

        May, 21st An earthquake is felt at 5.00 am. The strongest tremors are in the south where crockery is shaken off shelves.

        May, 13th Governor John Skottowe is appointed.
        July, 23rd Shopkeeping is prohibited except to those who obtain a licence. (Retailer licences remained in force until the beginning of the 21st Century.)

        Civil and Military Fund set up for the relief of widows and orphans of Company Officers.

        November 28th A reward is offered for killing rats or mice: a halfpenny for a rat and a farthing for a mouse.

        June 19th Mr. (later, Sir) William Webber Doveton, aged 15, employed by the East India Company as a Writer.

        July 30th A sergeant, six soldiers and a slave desert the island in a long boat. All arrive safely in England. One deserter even returns to St Helena eight years after deserting.

        May 1st Captain Cook arrives, making his first visit to St Helena.

        January 6th Letter from the East India Company advises that hanging is not an appropriate punishment for stealing from the Company stores. Sadly, the miscreant had already been hanged.

        February 2nd Three houses are completed where the Town Church (now St. James’) previously stood. They are now known as 123 Main Street Hotel
        April 4th The first Parish Church in Jamestown had been showing signs of decay for many years, The new St. James’ Church is reported to be “complete, all but the Balustrades for the Communion”.St. James' is now the oldest Anglican church south of the Equator.
        October 23rd Messrs. Thomas and James Greentree are fined £10 each for allowing their goats free rein in the Great Wood, thus causing considerable damage to the trees growing there.

        May 1st Captain Cook makes his second visit to St Helena; mostly to apologise for remarks attributed to him after his first visit.

        June 1st Saul Solomon is born in London, uncle of South African politician Saul Solomon born 1817
        July 5th Horatio Nelson arrives on HMS Dolphin, but as a midshipman his visit is not marked.

        May 18th Four soldiers desert and leave the island in a cutter. They are presumed to be drowned at sea.

        December 13th Woodberry, a slave, accuses his master of cruel punishment. The Court decides that a slave’s word cannot be taken against his master’s.

        March 5th The fortifications at Sandy Bay are extensively damaged by a large torrent of water following heavy rain.
        July 11th Sergeant-Major James Youd is tried for the murder of his woman slave by cruelly beating her with a wooden staff and causing a mortal head wound. He is acquitted.
        September 6th Royal Navy brings six captured Dutch ships to James Bay.
        November 12th Two French ships captured off the Cape of Good Hope brought to St Helena by HMS Hannibal.

        January 28th An earthquake accompanied by a rumbling noise is felt throughout the island for about 4 seconds.
        July 25th Governor Daniel Corneille is appointed.

        December 29th Christmas cheer is absent in the garrison. A mutinous protest results in 200 soldiers, with bayonets fixed, marching on Governor Corneille. The cause of the discontent is a new licensing law, meaning soldiers could not obtain Arrack from the Punch Houses. After meeting the soldiers Governor Corneille withdraws the new regulations.Almost a hundred mutineers were condemned to death, but only ten were executed.

        May 2nd A munitions store near the Castle is accidentally blown up. Two people are killed.
        July 13th Elizabeth Renton, a shopkeeper’s wife is acquitted of murder after stabbing her slave girl under the left shoulder causing a wound nearly five inches deep.

        Torrent of water following heavy rain at Rupert’s
        May 28th Governor Robert Brooke is appointed.
        June 11th William Worrall and his slave are caught stealing sheep. They are seen committing this crime by other slaves who report the offence. As the word of a slave can not be taken against a free man, only Worrall’s slave is tried and convicted. Worrall himself receives £15 compensation for the loss of his slave.
        July 5th Isaac Hicksled is killed by a shark while swimming by the landing place.

        July 15th William Whaley is convicted of ‘Highway Robbery’ for stealing a piece of cloth from a sailor in the street and running away with it. He is hanged.

        August 10th Mrs Clarissa Leech dies leaving a will in which she writes her own epitaph: “Here lay the body of Clarissa Leech who lived in pain but died with pleasure.”

        August 1st Saul Solomon is dropped off by his India-bound ship, expected to die. He recovers and founds one of the island’s greatest business empires.
        ? Solomon and Co was founded by Saul Solomon

        February 6th A soldier missing for two days is found at Turk’s Cap where he had fallen, unhurt, onto a ledge.
        December 17th Captain Bligh, of ‘Bounty’ fame, visits St Helena en route to England after his 2nd South Seas voyage.
        ? Governor Robert Brooke drew up a code of laws for the control and protection of slaves, which limited the authority of the master and extended that of the magistrates. The importation of slaves was also forbidden.

        March 7th It is eighty-four years since it was thought the island would be utterly ruined within 20 years if tree planting was not successful. The Court of Directors of the East India Company is still urging Governor Brooke and the Council to encourage tree planting as it is “of the utmost importance to the island” to limit the effects of drought.

        March 28th It is ordered that nobody is to kill a Java Sparrow (an introduced species) for one year on penalty of whipping (for a child) or a fine. (It is not clear why this was imposed.)
        July 6th The St. Helena Corps took part in the capture of the Cape from the Dutch.Governor Brooke sends 11 officers and 400 men together with ordnance and money to assist Admiral Elphinstone in South Africa.
        October 12th Thanks are sent to Governor Brooke, Captain Seale and the men of the St Helena Corps for the part they played in securing victory for British forces at Cape Colony.

        Febuary 17th The “first elephant ever to be brought to America” arrives while her ship takes on supplies, including “greens for the elephant”. [1]

        May 17th Decision taken to fortify Ladder Hill on the land side, to withstand any possible siege.
        August 29th Rev Wilkinson is reproved for “litigious conduct” and “ridiculous ideas of self-importance.”

        November 9th Lord Mornington, the Governor-General of India and future Duke of Wellington sends a ceremonial sword to be presented to St Helena’s Governor Brooke in recognition of his speedy and effective assistance against Dutch men of war and for quickly sending soldiers and ordnance from St Helena to reinforce depleted English Forces fighting the Dutch in Cape Colony. On the 9thNapoleon Bonaparte becomes leader of France.

        January 15th Job, Mr. Defountain’s slave, is sentenced for robbing James Warren, a Soldier, on Half-Tree-Hollow road. Warren was drinking and Job snatched the bottle from him. Job was hanged on 24th January.

        March 10th Governor Robert Patton is appointed.
        March 29th A census counts a total population of 2,511: 893 military personnel; 122 families and civil servants; 241 planters; 227 freed slaves; and 1,029 slaves.
        August 20th Botanists Viscount Valentia and Henry Salt visit the island. They join up with Mr Porteous who is also a keen botanist. Mr Porteous is also noted for having both Lord Wellesey, later Wellington and Napoleon Bonaparte as guests in his boarding house (but not at the same time).

        July 2nd Colonel Lane proposes that decked Fishing Boats of 30ft keel should be used; enabled to explore in all directions to the distance of 10 leagues around the island.

        The Emperor Napoleon laid plans to capture St. Helena from the English. Decres, the Navy Minister, had organize eight ships and fifteen hundred men, but before they set sail the Emperor altered the destination to Surinam.
        August 29th Governor Robert Patton announces a programme of upgrading the island’s defences in view of the resumption of war with France.

        May 1st An anonymous author, later discovered to be Francis Duncan, publishes the island’s first history: ‘A Description of the Island of St Helena containing Observations on its Singular Structure and Formation; and an Account of its Climate, Natural History and Inhabitants’.
        May 20th Samuel Peach, member of the garrison, wrote to his friend Edward Larken in England: “Governor mad as a March hare, dreaming of nothing but great guns, mortars and invasion.”
        July 1st Arthur Wellesley, the 1st Duke of Wellington visits St Helena on his voyage home from a distinguished military career in India. Curiously he stays in The Briars Pavilion, the same building to which Napoleon I would later be exiled after Wellington defeated him at the Battle of Waterloo.

        The ill-fated attempt to capture Buenos Aires, with the St. Helena Brigade. The St. Helena Telegraph System installed, the first outside Europe, to replace signal guns previously used to warn of attack.

        January 24th Measles arrives on St Helena from Cape Town.
        Match 9th An epidemic of measles affects every family on the island, At least 150 die. Deaths of slaves are only recorded if they had been baptised.

        July 4th Governor Alexander Beatson is appointed.
        October 7th Granary to be built on the West side of Grand Parade (most recently the PW&SD stores, and soon to be part of the Museum of St Helena.)

        May 15th Governor Beatson closes all establishments retailing spirits in an attempt to control drunkenness.
        October 23rd Notification issued that on arrival of a vessel with cargo for sale, the Government may first purchase. Afterwards Govt. Servants and Landholders and after three days Shopkeepers.

        January 14rd Saul Solomon, owner of the St Helena Press is directed to print no more objectionable remarks in the Register without permission of the Secretary.
        May 12th A fleet of 22 East Indiamen arrives in James Bay.
        September 21st A report states that Gumwood trees which used to grow on the hills between Rupert’s and Deadwood, together with a thick wood of Gumwoods at Half Tree Hollow have been destroyed over the last 50 years.

        August 23rd The St Helena Register resumes production after being closed for seven months. Previous owner Saul Solomon had printed “objectionable remarks” causing Governor Beatson to close it down. It is re-opened under the supervision of parson Rev. Boys who is obliged to let Governor Beatson inspect any editorial copy which might be considered a “doubtful communication”.
        December 24th Another Christmas mutiny due to liquor being rationed again. It involves 250 soldiers. Order is not restored until the next day. By the following day six ringleaders have been hanged.

        April 12th Rev. Boys complains that the Sabbath was “profaned” when Governor Beatson and others attended a dance onboard a visiting ship.
        June 21st Governor Mark Wilks is appointed
        September 20th St Helena Library established with patronage of Governor Wilks “for the dissemination of information and mass enlightenment of the people.”

        A Benevolent Society was founded by Governor Wilks to provide the means of education to `the children of slaves, free blacks and the poorer classes of the community'.

        January 16th The schooner St Helena arrives from England for use by the St Helena Government, the first island ship to carry the name St Helena.
        February 20th The first Post Office on the island is established by proclamation of Governor Mark Wilks. Three days later on the 23rd Post Office on the island opens at the Wharf. On the 26th Napoleon Bonaparte escapes from imprisonment on Elba.
        April 15th It is reported that Rev. Boys has refused to admit into church the body of an inhabitant for a funeral, claiming that the funeral attendees are pagans who are disrespecting the church.
        May 22th Appropriated Pews in Town Church: “No Slaves or Free Blacks are to occupy any of the Pews.”
        June 18th Napoleon Bonaparte loses the Battle of Waterloo, is captured and subsequently exiled to St Helena.
        July 17th Napoleon Bonaparte surrenders to the British after losing the Battle of Waterloo.
        October 15th HMS Northumberland arrives with Napoleon Bonaparte. Also arriving are HMS Icarus, Havannah, Peruvian, Zenobia, Red Pole, Bucephalus and Ceylon. The last two ships transported the 53rd Regiment. Napoleon Bonaparte steps ashore two days later. In order to prevent any escape the military presence was increased and the population doubled in size. On the 17th Napoleon Bonaparte steps ashore from HMS Northumberland. He spends his first night ashore in Mr Porteous’ house. The next day (18th) Napoleon Bonaparte takes up residence at the Briars Pavilion. On the 21st Admiral Sir George Cockburn reports that Longwood House could be made ready for Napoleon by making “such additions to the house as will render it, if not as good a one as might be wished, yet at least as commodious as necessary”. On 22ndAscension Island is claimed as a British Territory and occupied by troops.
        November 20th Napoleon Bonaparte visits Maldivia House; probably his first social call.
        December 10th Napoleon Bonaparte moves into Longwood House.

        January 3rd Napoleon Bonaparte visits Sandy Bay.
        April 13th Rev. Boys refuses to admit into church the body of an inhabitant for a funeral, claiming that the funeral attendees are pagans who are disrespecting the church. On the 15th Sir Hudson Lowe arrives on board HMS Phaeton to take over as the island’s Governor.
        May 14th The Skeltons, who gave up Longwood House so it could be used by Napoleon, leave St Helena. On 17thMaterials arrive for building Longwood New House. On the 29th Napoleon Bonaparte’s mother writes to him and asks to visit. He declines.
        August 14th Tristan da Cunha is claimed as a British Territory and occupied by troops.
        October 20th Count Bertrand, a friend of Napoleon Bonaparte, moves into Bertrand’s Cottage, next to Longwood House.

        May 25th Birth of Saul Solomon (Nephew of Businessman Saul Solomon), later to become one of the leading South African politicians of the 19th Century, and known as `The Member for Cape Town'.

        August 12th A small earthquake lasting 30 seconds is reported; no injuries. On the 24th A public meeting is called by Hudson Lowe after a slave owner was fined a for whipping a young slave girl
        October 16th Major Anthony Emmett publishes his ‘Military Report of the Island of St Helena’, analysing the island’s defences, commissioned by Governor Lowe. He urged the abolition of slavery on the Island, terms were agreed that were to come into force on Christmas day.
        December 25th All children born of a slave woman after Christmas Day were to be free, but considered as apprentices until the age of 18. Masters were also to enforce the attendance of these free-born children at church and Sunday schools.

        January 30th William Webber Doveton is knighted by the Prince Regent; the first and only islander ever knighted.
        March 1st Napoleon Bonaparte moves into seclusion after restrictions on his visitors are imposed by Governor Hudson Lowe.
        July 31st Unrest between the Chinese population in Upper Jamestown and some soldiers results in the soldiers shooting and killing two Chinese. The unrest continues for two more days. The Coroner finds the cause of the deaths to be wilful murder, however, when the case is heard in Court the soldiers are acquitted.

        January 20th It is reported by Count Balmain, Russian Commissioner, that Napoleon Bonaparte has taken up gardening. The same day Napoleon Bonaparte shoots Count Bertrand’s goat because it ate his plants.
        October 4th Napoleon Bonaparte goes for breakfast at Mount Pleasant, home of Sir William Webber Doveton.

        January 29th A ‘Review’ is held on Deadwood Plain to mark the 1st anniversary of King George IV’s accession.
        Febuary 1st Napoleon Bonaparte’s health begins to deteriorate.
        May 3rd Two physicians visit Napoleon Bonaparte but conclude there is nothing they can do for him. On the 4th A message is signalled to The Castle: code 767/2, “Napoleon is unwell”. On the 5th Napoleon Bonaparte dies at Longwood House. Most of the troops were sent away and Hudson Lowe sailed for England. On the 9th Napoleon Bonaparte is buried in Sane Valley.
        June 11th Rev. Boys is said to be the “author or dictator of many indecorous letters towards the Government, reflecting in an insulting and irritating manner on individuals.”
        July 9th The acting Governor notes Rev. Boys’ sermon, from the text “Publicans and harlots shall go into the Kingdom of Heaven before you”, taken as insulting by the upper classes of society. The acting Governor demands a copy of the text. Rev. Boys refuses to supply it. The following week he proclaims from the pulpit that he is being “persecuted for righteousness sake”, implying that his persecutors are the Government.
        September 9th It is reported that a large part of the Great Wood Wall at Longwood has been scavenged to build Longwood New House. Repairs are ordered. On the 24th New iron railings are erected “at considerable expense” at Government Garden. As a result, it is forbidden to leave carts or set up stalls to sell goods in front of them.

        July 15th It is discovered that a number of oak trees at Plantation are dying because of White Ants infestation.

        March 1st Governor Alexander Walker is appointed.
        June 4th It is noted that the farm buildings at Longwood are in poor repait and would be expensive to maintain. It is proposed that Longwood House be taken over as farm offices.
        October 2nd R. F. Seale is offered £400 for his famous model of St Helena. It measures 10ft 6in x 6ft 8in (3.2m x 2m). The model is so accurate it is considered a possible security risk. Governor Walker does not want it seen by foreigners. On the 24thGovernor Alexander Walker proposes building an Observatory at Ladder Hill, for observing Celestial bodies.

        August 26th A recommendation for a tax on free blacks is refused. Governor Walker points out there can be no distinction of colour in legislation and that it would be difficult to decide whether individual freemen should be classified black or white.
        September 13th Number of ‘free Blacks’ given as 1,066. Total population: c.4,700.
        December 20th Hudson Ralph Janish is born at Teutonic Hall. He will go on to be the island’s only island-born Governor.

        September 13th The foundation stone is laid for the Ladder Hill Observatory

        April 24th A long standing practice is to fire cannon at any ship attempting to enter James Bay without prior permission. The need to seek permission is regularly overlooked by ship’s captains, resulting in a shot being fired from one of the north east batteries at ships heading for the anchorage. Attempts are to be made to remind merchant shipping companies of the risks which accompany approaching St Helena without permission.
        July 6th The Briars is purchased by the East India Company for £6,000. The property is used as a silk-worm establishment and for growing Mulberry trees.
        December 5th Brigadier General Dallas retires from the Madras army and is then appointed Governor of St Helena.

        Ladder Hill observatory is completed.
        January 1st It is announced that all remaining slaves are to be emancipated within the next five years. East India Company to purchase them from owners and declare them free.
        February 13th A plan to cover over part of The Run meets opposition. It is claimed the danger of flooding would increase.
        May 1st Governor Dallas orders the munitions store to be moved out of Jamestown to Ladder Hill.
        September 1st Governor Dallas proposes the building of the Inclined Plane, that would later become Jacob’s Ladder.
        October 1st William Rookes and James Unsworth are convicted of selling, for drinking, the rum in which the body of a dead person had been preserved while abord ship. 18 months hard labour.

        July 29th The Agricultural Society requests it be allowed to hold its meeting after dinner. Governor Dallas does not agree.
        December 1st The Inclined Plane funicular was built, later to become Jacob's Ladder in 1871 [1]

        April 1st Rev. Boys retires. On the 6th The schooner St Helena is captured by pirates off the African Coast, on route to Sierra Leone. Most of the crew are killed.

        February 4th The American Government opens a Consulate in St Helena, which later moves into a building in Jamestown.
        July 15th The island’s main theatre is destroyed by fire.

        January 24th Governor Dallas declares Plantation House to be “unhealthy”, due to encroachment by overgrown trees and the smell from the drains (from which his family allegedly contracted typhoid). He moves to Longwood New House.
        March 19th Saul Solomon is registered as the Shipping Agent for Holland, one of the many quasi-Consular appointments he comes to hold
        July 9th The slave population on the island is 645, The East India Company purchases freedom for 614 valued at £28,062 17s Od.(£2,883,162.12 adjusted for inflation 2016. Slaves aged 55 and over have an average value of £2.20. Those aged between 50 and 55, £24.25, between 45 and 50, £36.70. There are 500 slaves under 45 years; the average value is put at £51.50. These values are set as compensation rates to owners. Slave emancipation is staggered over five years with one fifth of the slave population emancipated in each of those five years.
        November 1st The Inclined Plane (Jacobs Ladder) is bought from the St Helena Railway Co. by the East India Company for £ 882 10/-.

        June 6th Subscription offer for the setting up of a whale fishery attracts £1,000 of investment.St. Helena became the centre of the South Atlantic whaling industry, with as many as a thousand ships calling each year, and with resident consuls from the United States and Norway.
        July 25th Saul Solomon is registered as the Shipping Agent for France.
        August 28th The Saint Helena Act 1833 is passed, this bill states; the Island was no longer to be ruled by the Honourable East India Company, but from 13th April 1834 by His Majesty's Government.
        September 4th Act of Parliament orders that St Helena Island and all property of the East India Company be transferred from the Company to The Crown.

British Government 1834-2009

        January 1st Fifteen slave ships captured by the Royal Navy are held in James Bay.
        April 2nd St Helena transferred from the East India Company to His Majesty’s Government. The East India Company agrees to administer the island’s affairs for a further year in the name of the Crown. The Royal Standard is hoisted at Ladder Hill. On the 24th The island’s oldest clock is transferred to the Government of St Helena by the East India Company. It still works.
        August 1st Slavery is formally abolished throughout the British Empire.
        November 29th A new road is cut above Two Gun Saddle.

        July 22nd Steeple on St. James’ Church is declared a “dangerous structure” and ordered to be taken down.

        February 24th The first Colonial Governor, Major-General George Middlemore, arrived on 24th February and formally took possession of the Island in the name of King William IV. The Company flag was lowered and replaced by the Standard of Great Britain. Middlemore was `long remembered for his bad manners and his discourtesy' and for his unenviable task of making savage spending cuts and sacking former Company servants. On the 29th The Ladder Hill Observatory is dismantled and the equipment mostly sent to Canada. The Time Office retains some clocks.
        June 14th All male inhabitants of the island are enrolled in the ‘Volunteer’ Corps.
        July 8th Governor Dallas, the last East India Company Governor, departs St Helena. The same day Charles Darwin arrives at St Helena on the Beagle and stays for six days examining 746 plant species, 52 of which are endemic. On the 14th Charles Darwin leaves St Helena on the Beagle.
        September 4th Dr James Barry arrives, to serve as Medical Officer. Many years later it is discovered that Dr. Barry is actually a woman.

        November 10th With no old age pensions, friendly societies were founded to provide sickness, death and old age benefits on St. Helena as in England. The Mechanics And Friendly Benefits Society established. Also, Napoleon Street, in Jamestown, is levelled and macadamised.
        Once the British Government took over, the annual subsidy of ?90,000, which it had cost the East India Company to maintain the Island, was removed. The order of the day was belt-tightening economy, and there were many cases of hardship when Company servants were dismissed from their posts. Many families and over a hundred young men, finding life so hard and with no prospect of improvement, emigrated to the Cape of Good Hope.

        February 13th Office of Sheriff established by proclamation of Queen Victoria. The office survives today.
        May 27th Slavery is officially declared to be abolished in St Helena (though it had officially been abolished throughout the British Empire from 1st August).
        August 6th The Girls School at Plantation is closed. A new mixed school is opened at Hutts Gate.
        October 26th The UK ‘Saturday Magazine’ publishes a detailed description of St Helena.[1]

        February 1st Sir John Henry Lefroy has an observatory built at Longwood for magnetic and metorological observations.
        March 24th A Vice Admiralty Court is established in St Helena to give judgement in cases are ship’s crews are charged with slave trading.
        June 10th Slave Ship The Dictador, 113 tons is captured off, and brought to St Helena. Two days later on the 12th Slave Ship The Coringa, 119 tons is captured off, and brought to St Helena. On the 14thSlave Ship The Maria Rita, 72 tons is captured off, and brought to St Helena. On the 15thSlave Ship The Andorhina, 66 tons is captured off, and brought to St Helena.
        October 4th The remains of Napoleon Bonaparte are taken aboard La Belle Poule and carried back to France.
        December 2nd The Water Witch intercepts a Slave Ship off the Angolan coast and brings it to St Helena. On the 18thLemon Valley used as a Smallpox quarantine area for slaves liberated from ships by the Royal Navy. The same day It is reported that a captured slave ship from Brazil and broken up on St Helena has been discovered to be infested by Termites, that are still a problem today.
        Her Majesty's Government established a Vice-Admiralty Court at the Island for the trial of vessels engaged in the slave trade on the west coast of Africa. Large numbers of ships were captured and brought to St. Helena during the following ten years. The ships were to be sold or broken up while the human cargoes were fed, clothed and kept at the Liberated African Depot in Ruperts Valley. Most of the slaves who recovered were given passage to the West Indies or British Guiana as labourers; some chose to remain as servants or on various public works. This work of liberating slaves brought money and employment to the Island, but also the scourge of White Ant. These minute creatures were among the timbers of a slave ship from Brazil, which was broken up and stored in Jamestown. Their destructiveness was so great and their appetite for timber, books, furniture and paper so rapacious that a very large sum of money had to be spent over the next several decades to rebuild property in the town.

        January 6th Governor Hamelin Trelawney is appointed.
        August 1st William Alexander Thorpe is born in Jamestown to Henry and Susan Thorpe.
        October 4th The St Helena Regiment (formed in Winchester UK) arrives on the Island, consisting of five companies.
        December 6th The first issue of the St Helena Almanac and Annual Register is published.

        May 29th A market is established in Jamestown on its present site.
        August 7th A new steeple is erected on St. James’ Church, replacing the “dangerous structure” taken down in 1835. (This one lasts until 1980.) The church is closed until 1845 while other repairs are carried out.
        October 13th Sir William Webber Doveton dies at the age of 90.

        June 23rd Two frigates take on water at St Helena to transport to Ascension Island where there is a serious drought.
        July 31st Spanish, Mexican and South American silver dollars are declared legal tender on St Helena.
        December 9th Decision taken to erect a monument to the crew of the Brig Waterwitch, sunk in service liberating slaves.

        June 14th The first issue of the Government Gazette is published.
        July 14th James McGregor Bertram arrives on St Helena and later founds a ‘Dissenting Chapel’ (Baptist church).
        September 8th The Church Society is founded. On the 16thAn inquest into the death of James Emily (a suicide) is held at The Moon Tavern in Napoleon Street.
        October 12th St. James’ Church reopened after undergoing repairs since 1843. On the 25th A ‘Dissenting Chapel’ (Baptist church) is opened by James McGregor Bertram.
        November 18th The Social Society is founded.
        December 22nd Both the Agricultural and Horticultural Society and St Helena Volunteer Rifle Corps established.

        February 18th Thirteen ships destroyed and the sea wall and wharf damaged by three successive days of heavy seas, “The ‘Rollers’ of 1846”.
        March 24th In the ‘Blue Book’ for 1845 Governor Trelawney reports “I have much pleasure in bringing to your notice, that the present is the first year since the assumption of St Helena by Her Majesty’s Government, that the revenue collected on the Island has more than equalled its expenditure.”.
        May 3th Governor Hamelin Trelawney dies in office.
        November 22nd Governor Patrick Ross is appointed.

        February 10th New Colours presented to the St Helena Militia.
        August 14th The Poor Society established.

        August 6th The corvette HMS Daedalus reports sighting a ‘Sea Serpent’ a few hundred miles south-east of St Helena.

        March 7th The first Bishop of Cape Town, Robert Gray, arrived (St. Helena had been included in the See of Cape Town when it had been established two years previously). This was the first visit by a Bishop and thus the first confirmations on the Island - a total of 366. On 25th Church lands are conveyed to the Bishop in Cape Town.
        June 1st Official records for births, marriages and deaths are started.

        February 6th The Foundation Stone for ‘Country Church’, later St. Paul’s Cathedral, is laid by Governor Patrick Ross.
        June 6th Total number of ‘Liberated Africans’ to date given as 15,076.
        August 28th School roll: Town Infant School, 56; Town Evening School, 84; Sandy Bay School, 54; High Knoll School, 6; Hutt’s Gate School, 26. Total: 226.

        May 8th It is announced that St Helena Coffee has won First Prize for quality at the Great Exhibition in London. The same day the first issue of The St Helena Advocate, the first non-Government newspaper, is published.
        July 18th Governor Thomas Gore Browne is appointed. On the 21st The island’s first ever Temperance Society meeting is held. The Society no longer exists.
        September 3rd ‘Country Church’, later St. Paul’s Cathedral, is opened for the first time. On the 6th A Total Abstinence League is formed. It no longer exists. On the 27th Noted in a report that New Zealand flax is growing wild and thriving on every part of the island.

        July 24th A Race Meeting (horse racing) takes place at Deadwood Plain, with four races. On the 29th A Regatta is held in James Bay.
        September 21st The SS Great Britain makes an unscheduled stop at St Helena because she is running out of coal. On the 29thThe SS Great Britain leaves after her unscheduled stop at St Helena.
        December 6th Saul Solomon, founder of the Solomon’s empire, dies in the UK.

        Febuary 17th The Herald Newspaper reports the trial and impending execution of Lowry, a negro servant, for killing Elizabeth Ann Brooms. This is the basis of the ‘Lowry’s Cell’ ghost story. On the 22thLowry, a negro servant, is hanged. On the 25th A second Race Meeting (horse racing) takes place at Deadwood Plain, this time with six races.
        March 4th Saul Solomon is buried in St Helena, after dying in the UK in December 1852.

        June 1st A St Helena museum is opened. Exhibits included a ‘sea serpent’ and a flying lizard; thought to be extinct endemic species.
        November 5th The current Baptist church is erected in Jamestown, replacing the ‘Dissenting Chapel’ opened in 1845.
        December 14th Survivors from a ship named ‘Polar Star’ arrive at St Helena, the ship having been “burnt at sea”.

        July 17th The Union Steamship Company contracts for a regular steamship service between the UK and Cape Town, via St Helena, for mail only. The first call was in July 1866.

        January 1st The first St Helena postage stamp is issued - a 6d blue.
        October 10th Governor Edward Hay Drummond Hay is appointed.

        April 15th The cornerstone of St. John’s Church is ceremonially laid by Lady Drummond Hay.
        December 9th Longwood House is transferred to French ownership. On the 12th The merchant vessel Castilian reports sighting a ‘ Sea Serpent’ 10 miles north east of the island.

        February 4th A letter from Captain Harrington of the merchant vessel Castilian, reporting the sighting of a ‘ Sea Serpent’ 10 miles north east of St Helena, appears in the London Times.
        May 7th Queen Victoria grants the right to buy and hold Longwood House and the Tomb to Napoleon III of France and his heirs in perpetuity. The Tricolor still flies over these two small patches of `French Territory'.
        November 2nd The East India Company is finally abolished by Act of Parliament.

        June 6th Queen Victoria grants City status to Jamestown.
        October 30th First Bishop of St Helena, Dr Piers Claughton, arrives.
        December 8th ‘Country Church’ becomes St. Paul’s Cathedral. The same day the Fire Association is formed.
        The Diocese of St. Helena was established by Queen's Order in Council, and included the islands of Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, and until 1869 the British residents of Rio de Janeiro and other towns on the eastern seaboard of South America as well as the Falklands. The first Bishop, Piers Claughton, was consecrated in Westminster Abbey and arrived later the same year, remarking in a letter home that it was `so English in its character as to make us feel ourselves at home'.

        February 9th First issue of St Helena Record.
        September 1st The Island's first Royal Visit when Queen Victoria's second son, Prince Albert, arrived on HMS Eurylaus in September[1]

        February 21st Richard Farrell of the St Helena Regiment is convicted for shooting at a sergeant ‘with intent’ and sentenced to be transported to Western Australia.
        May 2nd First publication of the St Helena Guardian.
        June 23rd A service at St. James’ Church is interrupted when hundreds of White Ants (termites) are found eating through a desk and then the Bible.
        December 21st Cornerstone of St. Matthew’s Church laid by Lady Drummond Hay.

        January 24th St. John’s Church is opened.
        February 24th St. Matthew’s Church is opened.
        April 7th A meeting in Jamestown decides to convey to Queen Victoria the islanders’ wish that St Helena be renamed Prince Albert Island in honour of the Queen’s recently deceased husband. Their wish never reaches the Queen as objections from members of the clergy cause it to be withdrawn.
        May 14th St. Matthew’s Church is consecrated (St. Matthias’ Day).
        October 4th Roof of St. James’ Church collapses; the church is closed until repairs are completed.
        December 2nd Thomas Knox, a Private in the St Helena Regiment is convicted of ‘violence to a superior officer’ and sentenced to 14 years penal servitude in Western Australia.

        March 12th Heavy rain blocks The Run, and causes flooding in Jamestown.
        May 1st A severe influenza epidemic. People fed from soup kitchens.
        July 3rd Governor Charles Elliot is appointed.
        November 26th Officer Commanding the Garrison, Lt. Col. William Stace of the Royal Engineers makes a speech to ‘The Old Saints’ on their disbandment: “I never met a better or finer body of officers and men”. On 30th Governor Charles Elliot is given the additional title Commander in Chief. All subsequent Governors inherit this title.

        April 24th The brewery is destroyed by fire.
        July 28th A new signal gun is mounted at High Knoll.
        September 1st Standard Bank of South Africa opens an Agency on St Helena. (It is closed in August 1865.)

        April 2nd The “finest house in Main Street”, Mr Porteous’ house, where Napoleon stayed for his first night on the island, is destroyed by fire.
        August 17th Governor Elliot issues an Ordinance setting up the St Helena Savings Bank.
        September 9th Hussey Charity is formed, at the bequest of £11,000 by the late Rebecca Hussey, to educate ‘Liberated Africans’.

        July 25th The ‘Liberated Africans’ Depot is formally closed.

        December 10th Manganese Ore is discovered on the island, The Baptist Church in Sandy Bay is opened and The (wooden) gaol in Rupert’s Valley is burnt down by a prisoner.

        June 10th In the ‘Blue Book’ for 1867 Governor Elliot reports “With the present claims upon the Government I see but little hope of commencing a new jail for the next two or three years.”. Still a new jail has not been built.
        October 10th Survivors from a ship named ‘Kate Darton’ arrive at St Helena, the ship having been “destroyed by fire” some 2,300Km from St Helena.
        The Royal Botanical Gardens at Kew superintended the planting of cinchona trees for quinine production; the scheme was abandoned soon after.

        November 16th Bees are introduced to the island. On the 17th The Suez Canal is opened, eliminating St Helena’s importance in international shipping, and the Naval Squadron is withdrawn from St Helena.
        A small earthquake is felt.

        February 4th Governor Charles George Edward Patey is appointed.
        May 24th 300 poor people attend a public meeting and tell the government they wish to emigrate.
        December 9th School rolls given as: Boys, 642; Girls, 509. Total: 1,151.

        July 25th Large floods cause several people to be made homeless and much damage to property. The Run has dead animals flowing along it.
        December 12th Jacob’s Ladder is reconstructed to its present form at a cost of £846 and the Ancient Order of Foresters is formed.

        January 1st The St Helena Mutual Emigration Society is formed to assist people who want to emigrate to find work.
        March 1st The Hussey Charity takes responsibility for running the Parish School of St. Matthews.
        September 1st 280 St Helenians leave the island permanently on a ship to South Africa.

        February 6th The Working Men’s Christian Association is formed. On the 20th A heavy flood at Trapp Cot carries away a house and its nine occupants. Seven die.
        August 1st 253 people emigrate to the Cape.
        November 1st 442 people leave St Helena for Natal
        December 11th Governor Janisch sworn in.

        January 1st The Colonial & Foreign Fibre Company is formed with 100 Acres of land to cultivate flax on the island.The first mill was established in Jamestown, with a 7hp steam engine and three stamping machines. The problems of transport from the country into town was one of the reasons for the failure of this first attempt at an industry that was later to become so dominant. In February 1881 the company failed. The East India Stock Dividend Redemption Act 1873 comes into effect, providing for the formal dissolution of the East India Company on 1st June 1874.
        June 1st The East India Company, rulers of St Helena from 1649 to 1834, is formally dissolved in London.
        November 22nd A Thunderstorm is recorded over the island, lasting “several hours”.
        December 5th Survivors of the ‘Cospatrick’ arrive at St Helena, the ship having been “burnt at sea”. On the 29th It becomes law that all children aged between 9 and 12 must attend school.

        May 1st Publication of ‘St Helena: A Physical, Historical and Topographical Description of the Island, including the Geology, Fauna, Flora and Meteorology’, by John Melliss, published in 1875.
        October 1st One of the periodic attempts to utilize the seas around St. Helena was begun this year, when the barque Elizabeth was fitted out as a whale ship and manned by islanders, some of whom had crewed the American whalers which used the Island as a base. However, by this time, the South Atlantic whale fishery was in decline, and the venture failed. On the 8th The Baptist church at Knollcombes is completed.

        July 7th The first shipment of flax, from the Colonial Fibre Company, leaves the island. The consignment is 100 bales, each weighing 4 cwt.

        April 3rd Homfray Welby Solomon, the last of the family to bear the name, is born on St Helena.
        July 1st Lemon Valley is used as a quarantine station due to scarlet fever in Portsmouth and measles in Cape Town.

        January 9th JR Torbett jailed for 18 months for embezzling £2,167 from the Government Savings Bank.
        March 16th The Church Provident Society for Women is formed.
        April 14th Two lives are lost and much damage caused by a flood in Jamestown.
        May 16th HMS Boxer fires two guns at Mundens Battery to test the defences against ‘modern’ shells. There is little damage.

        February 22th Spanish, Mexican and South American silver dollars are no longer accepted on the island as legal tender.

        February 26th In the ‘Blue Book’ for 1879 Governor Janisch reports “Mr Deason has at considerable expense landed two pairs of Ostriches; they are laying well but it is too early yet to foresee the result of this experiment.”. Sadly the birds did not survive.
        June 17th From this date only UK currency is accepted on the island as legal tender.
        July 12th Empress Eugenie, widow of Napoleon III, visits St Helena.
        August 15th Prince Albert William Heinrich of Prussia, grandson of Queen Victoria, visits. On the 17th A pair of Storks are sighted. One is shot dead; the other dies anyway. Four Ostriches are imported. The two males die within ten months.

        January 13th Heavy ‘Rollers’ hit the Wharf, causing spray estimated at 770 feet high. Some boats are lost.
        February 12th The Colonial & Foreign Fibre Company, formed to cultivate flax on the island, fails and the mills close.
        April 3rd Census shows area population (excluding Garrison) of: Jamestown, 2,249; Rupert’s, 90; The Briars, 96; Longwood, 441; Half Tree Hollow, 449; Lemon Valley, 28; Sandy Bay, 293; ‘Central’, 425; Blue Hill, 440. Total: 4,511.
        October 20th Death of a large tortoise at Plantation House.

        May 23rd A theatre is opened in Jamestown barracks.
        July 7th Ladder Hill Road completed. (The portion above Shy Road already existed but was upgraded.)
        December 26th Reported that Fruit Fly, ceratitis citripera has been accidentally imported in grapes from South Africa.Fruit Fly continues to be a problem

        June 25th The cemetery for paupers and seamen at Half Tree Hollow is closed after 675 burials.

        January 1st An attempt to establish the St Helena Whaling Company fails. Only three subscribers attracted by the idea.
        March 10th Death of Hudson Janisch, at the age of 59. The second Governor to have been born on the Island. He is still remembered as an important chronicler of the Island's history.
        May 10th The Salvation Army (‘Blue Jackets’) first arrives on St Helena.
        July 16th Mr Knipe is dismissed from his post as Deputy Colonial Secretary for embezzling £3,000 from public funds.
        October 4th Total eclipse of the moon.
        December 1st Frederick Henry Baker is appointed vicar of St. Paul’s Cathedral and is the first islander to take this office.

        April 30th The islanders send a petition to the Secretary of State for the Colonies asking that military governors be replaced by civilians.
        Five mynah birds were brought from India by Miss Phoebe Moss and released near her home at The Briars, to control cattle tics. Instead, they themselves multiplied out of control to become a worse pest.

        January 1st The Australian barque Aurora catches fire and runs aground near Rupert’s. On the 11th Some survivors reach St Helena in an open boat after the Frank N Thayer catches fire and sinks 1,100KM SW of St Helena.
        May 18th A Crane, which had arrived on the island and “was doing much good, living chiefly on rats and mice which he has often been seen to catch and eat” is shot by one of the island’s ‘sportsmen’.
        June 15th The St Helena Whaling Association is dissolved.
        September 1st The Union & Castle line ships commence carrying passengers and cargo, in addition to mail.

        February 25th Three waterspouts are seen off Sandy Bay, which fortunately do not come ashore which might have resulted in extensive flooding.
        March 28th Heavy rain causes The Run to overflow and causes flooding in Jamestown.
        May 28th A serious measles outbreak makes the hospital “seem like the London Underground rush hour.”
        June 21st Celebrations of Queen Victoria’s Golden Jubilee with a 50-gun salute, illuminations and fireworks.
        July 2nd Fire destroys Solomon’s Counting House. In the confusion, £1,000 is stolen, of which only £700 is ever recovered.
        December 28th The Church Benefit Society for Children (also known as the Children’s Benefit Society or the Children’s Provident Society) is founded.

        April 18th The St Helena Savings Bank is robbed of £165 8s 5d. HW Scullard, the bank robber, is later arrested.
        May 26th The streetlights of Jamestown were lit for the first time.
        October 2nd A Thunderstorm is recorded over the island - the first since 1874.

        February 25th Following the Zulu Wars, Chief Dinizulu, son of Cetawayo, and his family were exiled to the Island for nine years. Dinizulu became a convert to Christianity, and was baptized and confirmed by the Bishop. They are accommodated at Francis Plain House.
        April 17th A heavy fall of rocks kills nine people and injures many more. A fountain is erected in Main Street in September 1891 in their memory.
        July 18th Governor William Grey-Wilson is appointed.
        September 22nd A Thunderstorm is recorded over the island.

        April 5th A census counts a total population of 3,877. 219 families lived in only one room, and two such families totalled 13 persons.
        September 12th Official opening ceremony of the Rockfall Memorial Fountain in Main Street, erected in memory of people killed in the April 1890 rock fall. On the 29th A Thunderstorm is recorded over the island.

        February 1st Meteorological Station established at Hutts Gate.
        May 1st Experiment in breeding silkworms and cotton cultivation by Father Daine; ultimately unsuccessful.
        August 8th In the ‘Blue Book’ for 1891 Governor Grey-Wilson reports “I regret being unable to record any evidence of the birth of an adequate interest being taken in the matter of sanitation”. The Run was, at the time, an open sewer.

        April 13th Fifty islanders emigrate to work in copper mines. There is further emigration to South Africa in July and September - 178 in total.
        July 29th 22 St Helenians leave the island permanently on a ship to South Africa.
        September 4th 106 St Helenians leave the island permanently on a ship to South Africa.

        September 16th A Thunderstorm is recorded over the island.

        August 13th In the ‘Blue Book’ for 1894 Governor Grey-Wilson reports “The American whaling fleet shows a marked decline, and, as it is largely manned by Islanders, though not, I regret to say, owned by them, our loss has been considerable”.
        November 26th Boys Brigade formed as the Church Lads Brigade.

        March 1st A flushing Dam is constructed at the head of the Run in Jamestown.
        June 7th Governor Robert Armitage Sterndale is appointed. On the 21th Celebrations of Queen Victoria’s Diamond Jubilee with a 60-gun salute and a parade
        July 1st The St Helena Rifle Association is formed.
        September 15th 64kph winds are recorded on St Helena.
        October 21th A thunderstorm lasts two days and produces hail stones a ½inch in diameter. During the storm hail falls on St Helena - the only recorded occurrence - at Woodlands. On the 22nd The thunderstorm that started the previous day continues, but finishes later in the day.
        December 24th Chief Dinizulu and family leave for South Africa and freedom on the Umbilo. The same day it was reported that the cave of Louden’s Ben discovered on The Barn.

        April 14th Captain Joshua Slocum, the first person to circumnavigate the world single handed, arrives at St Helena on his yacht 'Spray', spending two nights.
        June 21st Lace making classes started by Emily Louise Jackson.
        November 1st SS Papanui is launched in Plymouth, UK. She burns out and sinks at St Helena in 1911.

        January 6th Bishop Welby is killed on Shy Road in Jamestown in a ‘pony & trap accident’. His ghost is said to haunt the road.
        April 7th First meeting of the St Helena Golf Club.
        May 19th In the ‘Blue Book’ for 1898 Governor Sterndale reports a new “system of telephonic communication connecting East, West, and Central points with Jamestown”.
        June 1st A new drainage system is completed in Jamestown, carrying waste water in a culvert from Upper Jamestown to the sea front.
        September 23rd Quarantine facilities organised for ships arriving from south and east Asia due to Bubonic plague.
        November 24th The islands first submarine cable was landed by the Eastern Telegraph Company. This connected the Island to Cape Town and was the first stage in the link north to Ascension and thence to Europe and England.
        December 15th St Helena is linked to Ascension by undersea cable, and thereby direct to London.

        January 1st Girls sing for the first time in the Choir at St. James’ Church.
        February 23rd The undersea cable connecting St Helena to London commences operation, and for the first time it becomes possible to send telegraph messages directly to and from the UK.
        March 1st Dr. Arnold arrives with the Volunteer Medical Staff Corps, to attend the troops and the Boer prisoners’ hospital in Jamestown.
        April 10th The first shipment of Boer prisoners of war arrives in James Bay. They disembark three days later. The first of some six thousand South African Boer prisoners. The principal camp was out at Deadwood Plain. A temporary wave of economic improvement came to the Island, as the population reached it's all-time record of 9,850.
        May 1st Severe epidemic of influenza causes 75 deaths.
        October 1st New road round to West Rocks constructed with the help of Boer prisoners of war.
        November 5th Boer prisoners hold craft exhibition at the Deadwood POW Camp. On the 10th An ‘Industrial Exhibition’ is held.
        December 20th First issue of the Boer newspaper Kamp Kruimels is published (later Die Krijgsgevangene).

        February 16th Five Boer prisoners try to escape in a boat, which they seize from fishermen at Sandy Bay. They are quickly recaptured. On the 16th Bubonic plague in South Africa causes restrictions on ships coming from the Cape to be brought into force in St Helena.
        April 2nd A new crane is erected on the wharf by Boer prisoners.
        June 21st A water condensing plant starts operating in Rupert’s Bay.
        July 25th Bubonic plague in South Africa causes extra quarantine regulations to be brought into force in St Helena.

        February 25th General Viljoen arrives on Britannica and moves into a small house outside the Deadwood Plain.
        May 31st The peace treaty is signed, ending the Boer War.
        June 5th The St Helena Guardian leads with the headline ‘Peace, Perfect Peace’, following the end of the Boer War. On the 26th The first Boer prisoners leave St Helena for Cape Town.
        October 3rd 95 Boer prisoners are reported to have died while on St Helena, mostly from enteric fever. On October 21st The last of the Boer prisoners leave St Helena for Cape Town. On October 23rdReporting on the departure of last Boer prisoners the St Helena Guardian reports “Let us not forget the benefits that have fallen on all, landowners, merchants, and farmers down to the boy of 10 who ought to have been at school instead of pocketing money working on the wharf or elsewhere.”

        February 1st The St Helena Cricket League is founded by HW Solomon. On the 2ndGovernor Henry Lionel Gallwey is appointed.
        March 1st Dr. Arnold becomes the Colonial Surgeon and Health Officer for the island.
        June 11th The Longwood Sports Club (later the St Helena Golf Club) is opened by Governor Gallwey.
        July 1st The cable station at the Briars is completed.

        January 1st Education becomes compulsory for all children aged 6 to 14, but only “if there is a school within two miles which the child can attend”. Also there was no money for ‘attendance officers’ to enforce the law. This applied to all schools whether run by the Government, the Benevolent Society or the Hussey Charity.
        March 23rd In the ‘Blue Book’for 1903 Governor Gallwey notes “The number of prostitutes in Jamestown appears to be on the decrease”.
        April 3rd Heavy rain causes flooding in Jamestown, causing around £49-worth of damage to the new sewerage system.
        November 1st Robert Gunnel is murdered at Prosperous Bay Signal Station by Richard & Lewis Crowie. On the 2nd The murder of Robert Gunnel is discovered at Prosperous Bay Signal Station.

        January 11th Richard & Lewis Crowie are found guilty of the November 1904 murder of Robert Gunnel at Prosperous Bay Signal Station, and sentenced to death.
        February 7th Richard & Lewis Crowie are executed for the November 1904 murder of Robert Gunnel at Prosperous Bay Signal Station, the last execution to take place on St Helena. On the 18th C. Joshua scores the first ever century by an islander, in a friendly Island Born XI vs Eastern Telegraph Company match.
        October 18th A Thunderstorm is recorded over the island.

        October 30th The island’s garrison is empty for the first time when the last 120 men are taken off on the MV Cluny Castle.

        January 1st Due to economic circumstances all Govt. salaries are reduced, including Governor Gallwey’s.
        March 1st Governor Gallwey is asked if he will take the Zulu Poll Tax Prisoners. He agrees. They arrive on 11th June.
        May 15st Lace making industry resurrected by Ms Penderel Moody. On the 21st 183 St Helenians emigrate to work at the Namaqualand mines.
        June 11th Twenty-five Zulu rebels are brought to the island for confinement. Housed at Ladder Hill barracks, they are employed breaking rocks.
        December 2nd The new Government Flax Mill at Longwood, funded by £4,070 from the UK Government, is opened by Governor Gallwey. On the 5th Government Flax Mill starts production.

        January 5th The first shipment of flax from the government Flax Mill leaves the island.
        March 23rd An exhibition of Lace making is held.
        May 1st St Helena jams are awarded a medal for quality at the Royal Horticultural Society’s ‘Great Spring Show’ in London.
        June 24th St Helena craftwork is exhibited in London at Caxton Hall. On the 30th The American Government closes its Consulate in St Helena.
        July 1st The Lace Making Association is taken over by the government with the establishment of the Government Lace School.

        March 1st Road Tax introduced at 3 shillings per year.
        April 1st Canon L C Walcott comes to St Helena as Vicar of Jamestown.

        February 26th An fish canning factory opens, having been set up by Alfred Moseley. It soon fails due to lack of fish.
        May 12th The Eastern Telegraph Co. [later, Cable & Wireless] transfer their cable repair vessels to St Helena.
        October 24th The Duke of Connaught visits, seeing the Castle, the hospital, the lace school and a flax mill.
        November 1st A pig is born at West Lodge with three eyes, two tongues and two snouts.

        April 9th The census shows the population of Jamestown as 1,416. In 1881 it had been recorded as 2,249. In some country areas populations had increased but overall fewer people are living on the island.
        September 11th SS Papanui arrives on fire and burns out the following day; all aboard are saved. On the 12th SS Papanui burns out in James Bay; all 364 aboard are saved.
        October 14th Survivors from the sinking of the SS Papanui leave St Helena, resuming their journey to Australia.

        February 21th Governor Harry Edward Spiller Cordeaux is appointed.
        July 24th Inauguration of the Boy Scouts at Plantation House.
        August 29th An outbreak of scarlet fever causes schools to be closed for nearly three months.

        June 12th A suggestion is publicised that suffragettes [the votes for women movement] convicted of misdemeanours in UK law courts be sent to St Helena as prisoners. It is not acted upon.
        July 1st Solomons opens a flax mill at Bamboo Hedge.
        August 12th The St Helena Association is started in Cape Town.
        September 1st 4,800 rats tails are presented to the government, who pay 1d per tail. Cecil Isaac from Plantation collects 414 tails.

        February 5th German super-dreadnoughts Kaiser, Koenig Albert and Strassbourg visit - 2,400 crew post 5,000 postcards. It is later thought they might have been checking out St Helena’s defences prior to the start of World War 1 (‘The Great War’).
        March 1st Work starts on reconstructing the Wharf - again. In 1915 the Wharf is enlarged.
        July 1st The island’s schools are closed for five months because of a whooping cough epidemic.
        August 5st The start of World War 1 (‘The Great War’) is announced on St Helena. Martial Law is proclaimed the same day. In the following weeks 165 St Helenians enlist in the Volunteer Corps. On the 17th Thorpe’s Bioscope (possibly the island’s first cinema) opens in Jamestown. On the 25th The Garrison returns to St Helena, recalled because of the outbreak of World War 1 (‘The Great War’).
        October 21st The pipe organ in St. James’ Church is dedicated by Bishop Holbech. On the 26th The refortified island is reinforced with 87 further troops and Martial Law is imposed on the island.
        November 19th A Thunderstorm is recorded over the island.

St Helena seen from the sea, 1914. [1]

With the outbreak of the Great War, the defunct St. Helena Volunteer Corps was re-established, and the flax industry flourished.
In late July 1914, Harry Cordeaux, the Governor of St Helena, contacted the Colonial Office about the protection of the island in the event of war. He was asked by the Admiralty and War Office to raise a local volunteer force to man the defences until the regular garrison arrived from Britain and South Africa. The Governor rapidly raised three officers and 100 men who began training, and also set up a team of observers to monitor possible landing sites across the island [2].

The garrison took longer to arrive than had been expected, due to difficulties in finding a warship to escort them. When it did arrive in September 1914 the garrison was much smaller than previously intended. The company of infantry which was supposed to arrive from South Africa had been redirected to the attack on German South-West Africa, so the locally raised volunteers continued to offer support.

The remainder of the garrison was formed of Royal Garrison Artillery troops, who were trained to man the guns defending the island. They were under the command of Colonel W R W James. Soon after the troops arrived from Britain, the War Office realised that they needed these highly trained men in France. They asked the Admiralty if they could withdraw the regular troops from the island, leaving only the local volunteers. The Admiralty, still worried about the threat of German commerce raiders, refused.

Eventually, it was agreed that the Navy would send out Royal Marines under Lieut Colonel Sydney Gaitskell to replace the Royal Garrison Artillery troops. [3] [4]

The war also had less positive effects in terms of inflation. On 13 November 1914 the Governor issued a proclamation placing price controls on staples such as flour, bread, tinned milk and salted meat. Despite this, general prices on the island were up around 20% with many staples costing 50% more than in peace time. This was largely as a result of increased shipping and insurance costs, but also reflected general food scarcity. [2] [5]

        March 1st A new Customs Ordinance comes into force, charging export duty of 10s/ton on flax fibre 5s/ton on tow. On the 22nd Military defences are improved and enlargement of the Wharf commenced (completed September 1916).
        April 1st Canon L C Walcott founds the island’s first scout troop.
        November 15th 18 of the crew of the SS Indian Monarch reach St Helena in rowing boat. The ship had burned out 680Km SSE of the island.
        Despite its isolated location, the war had a large impact on life on the island. By 1915 the Governor had raised around 140 full time volunteers to support the Royal Marines garrison of 11 officers and 149 men. In addition to this there were a further 150 men in a Supernumerary Section who trained around their usual jobs and were ready to be called up if necessary.

In a report in April 1915 the Governor noted that the troops, both Imperial and locally raised, were having a large impact on the economy. The majority of the Volunteers were casual labourers and their new steady income was helping many of the less well-off families on the island. The Imperial troops also put money into the economy.

In 1915 the Colonial Office decided to deport ‘undesirable persons’ from Egypt and chose St Helena as a suitable secure location to hold them. The camp was constructed and a Royal Marine officer from Britain was transferred to act as Camp Adjutant – but no Egyptian internees ever arrived on St Helena [1] , [2].

Shortly after the Colonial Office had instructed the Governor to sell the wooden huts that formed the camp, it was decided to use the island to detain the pro-German pretender to the Sultanate of Zanzibar and his retinue. The detainees remained on St Helena until after the end of the war [3] [4] .

The relations between the civil and military authorities on the island were not always good. In 1916 the Governor Harry Cordeaux fell ill and was instructed to take leave. He refused on the grounds that Lieutenant Colonel Gaitskell, the commanding officer, was not fit to take over. Cordeaux noted that he had a ‘harsh and overbearing manner’ and showed ‘a noticeable want of tact and ordinary courtesy’. In the end the Admiralty agreed to replace Gaitskell and Lieutenant Colonel William Dixon was sent out to the island. Dixon spent most of 1917 and 1918 as Acting Governor, whilst Cordeaux recuperated [2] .

        January 1st There is a severe shortage of soap on the island.

        February 27th The Pretender to the Sultanate of Zanzibar is arrested; he is later imprisoned on St Helena.
        August 4th The Pretender to the Sultanate of Zanzibar arrives with a party of 25 people. He, and they, are held as prisoners at what is now Pilling School.
        October 25th The St Helena Guardian is censored so the editor, Benjamin Grant, closes the paper for two years.
        December 31st One Hundred and seventy five men and forty-two women reported employed in the flax industry.

        January 12th William Alexander Thorpe falls from his horse. He dies two days later. On the 14th Death of William Alexander Thorpe, aged 75.
        March 16th The St Helena Volunteer Sharpshooters become St Helena Rifles. On the 31st A Baptist Chapel is opened at Head O’Wain.
        July 27th Solomon, Thorpe and another island family business name, Deason, hold a public meeting at Rickmers calling for acting Governor Dixon to be recalled by the UK government.

        February 18th Former Crown Prosecutor and Magistrate James Homagee is sentenced to 5 years gaol for embezzling £4,829. He was manager of the Savings Bank for 50 years.
        July 19th Peace celebrations are held on Francis Plain to mark the end of World War 1 (‘The Great War’).
        August 26th Disgraced former Crown Prosecutor, Magistrate and manager of the Savings Bank for 50 years James Homagee dies in prison.
        November 29th An Ordinance is enacted prohibiting motorised transport on St Helena. (repealed in 1927.)

        June 1st A lace depot is opened by Solomon’s in Main Street.
        September 28th The Norwegian ship Spangereid, appears off Jamestown with a fire in her cargo of coal. The ship is lost but much of her cargo and fittings are salvaged.

        February 1st Winifred, wife of Canon L C Walcott, forms the island’s first guide troop.
        April 30th Census shows a total population of 3,747, with 1,502 “living in not more than two rooms”. Sayyid Khalid bin Barghash Al-Busaid leaves St Helena after four years exile here.
        May 5th A willow is planted at Napoleon’s Tomb to mark 100 years since his death. On the 14th The former Sultan of Zanzibar leaves St Helena on the Cawdor Castle as a prisoner. On the 30th Canon L C Walcott becomes vicar of Jamestown.
        June 1st Cotton is planted on Prosperous Bay Plain.
        The first St. Helenians left to work on Ascension Island.

        February 1st The wreck of the Spangereid is smashed in half and sunk by heavy surf.
        April 30th The National Bank of South Africa closes its St Helena branch (opened March 1920).
        May 30th The St Helena Football League is formed.
        October 1st Forty men leave to work on Ascension Island. On the 27th Ascension Island is made a dependancy of St Helena.

        August 10th Governor Robert Peel dies in office.
        November 1st Dr. Arnold’s life is saved by an emergency operation performed by a visiting naval surgeon. Though far from well he resumes his duties, not only as the lone medical Officer, but as Acting Chief Justice and Acting Governor.

        January 1st Dr. Arnold is awarded the CMG (Companion of the Order of St. Michael and St. George) in the New Year’s Honours. On the 27th Dr. Arnold collapses while attending a ceremony at Longwood; he dies from a cerebral haemorrhage two days later. On the 29th Dr. Arnold dies after suffering a cerebral haemorrhage two days earlier.
        February 2nd Governor Charles Henry Harper is appointed.
        August 3rd Edward, Prince of Wales arrives and speaks of Napoleon, St Helena’s loyalty to the Empire, and the importance of the flax industry “on which much of your material prosperity depends.”
        December 1st South African silver coins become legal tender on St Helena.

        June 3rd Electric lights are installed in the General Hospital.

        October 28th It is reported that sixty nests of White Ants destroyed in the vicinity of Plantation House. The 1919 Ordinance, prohibiting all motorised transport on St Helena, is repealed.

        April 1st Bees are re-introduced to the island.
        May 10th Repairs start to Plantation House after destruction by White Ants makes it uninhabitable. Governor Harper moves to Prince’s Lodge. The very first tourist ship, an ‘American Luxury Liner’, arrives in Jamestown.
        November 11th The War Memorial at the Seaside is unveiled for Remembrance day.

        June 5th The Executive Council is formed by Order in Council. The Senior Military Officer and Government Secretary are ex-officio members.
        November 1st Mr Withecombe drives the first car, an Austin Seven, on the island.

        February 10th The SS New York City is the first American cruise ship to call at St Helena.
        March 1st Four bee hives are imported (bees had been re-introduced two years earlier).
        April 22nd Trees are planted by schoolchildren at Casons. The saplings are later eaten by goats.
        November 10th The Bridge Memorial Clock is unveiled.

        May 8th The Run bursts its banks, sweeping away bridges and causing widespread flooding.
        July 1st The island’s flax mills are closed due to a fall in the price of hemp. They are re-opened in November of the same year.
        October 13th Governor Stewart Spencer Davis is appointed.

        April 23rd An attempt is made to start a St Helena lobster industry.
        September 22nd The island’s first motor accident occurs. Nobody is seriously injured.
        October 1st The St Helena Cricket Club formed.

        April 23rd The Centenary of the island being ruled by the Crown is celebrated with a 21-gun salute and grocery tokens distributed to the elderly and infirm.
        May 5rd Reconstruction of Longwood House is completed; opens as a museum.
        July 28th The first meeting of the St Helena Growers Association is held.
        October 3rd First flight over St Helena - made by a seaplane from HMS Dorsetshire.

        May 11th Lord and Lady Baden Powell arrive. Their visit is marked by celebrations by the island’s scouts and guides.

        January 12th Tristan da Cunha, Nightingale, Inaccessible and Gough Islands become dependencies of St Helena.
        March 16th Governor Henry Guy Pilling is appointed.
        November 30th The Centenary of the Mechanics and Friendly Benefits Society is celebrated.

        January 1st The Friends of St Helena is formed. The chairman is a former Governor and Philip Gosse a founder member.
        February 1st The Friendly Societies Ordinance 1939 comes into force.
        June 25th St. Paul’s Cathedral is declared unsafe after White Ants attack. Closed for repair; reopens May 1945.

        February 15th A new Constitution, providing for anAdvisory Council, is introduced (this later became Legislative Council) but no democracy.
        April 15th The ‘Paramount Talkies’ opens in the presence of Governor Pilling.
        May 14th Formation of the St Helena Home Guard.
        July 11th The Friendly Societies Union meets for the first time. The Union has two representatives on the new Advisory Council.
        November 22nd A Seaplane delivering despatches from HMS Cumberland lands, but unfortunately crashes into the sea on takeoff. The three occupants are rescued.

        July 22nd All schools brought under Government control and education becomes compulsory from 5 to 15 years.
        August 6th The RFA Darkdale arrives in James Bay. In October she is torpedoed and sinks. On the 10th St Helena time is made the same as Greenwich Mean Time. Previously the clocks were set 23 minutes later than GMT.
        October 22nd RFA Darkdale is torpedoed and sinks in James Bay. There are two survivors from a crew of forty-six. On the 25th A memorial service is held on the Wharf for those lost in the sinking of the RFA Darkdale.
        November 1nd Governor William Bain Gray is appointed. No rice stocks on the island; sugar and flour are rationed.

        November 6th SS City of Cairo is torpedoed off St Helena. Some survivors reach St Helena over the following few days.

        February 19th Survivors of the SS City of Cairo leave St Helena on the HMS Thyme & Nestor.
        October 1st Union Defence Force of South Africa arrives to investigate the feasibility of building an airport.

        April 10th U-68, the submarine that sank the RFA Darkdale and the SS City of Cairo, is itself sunk near Madeira.

        January 1st The Government of St Helena takes over maintenance of the Boer Cemetary from the Baptist Church.
        Febuary 4st The St Helena Home Guard is stood down.
        May 13th St. Paul’s Cathedral reopens (closed June 1939) after repairs following a White Ants attack. On the 21th First Public Holiday for St Helena’s Day. Victory Sports Day is held on Francis Plain.
        November 4th A Thunderstorm is recorded over the island. On the 29th Polio epidemic on the island.
       'The Hundred Men' left for the United Kingdom as agricultural workers. [1]

        August 27th The garrison stationed here during World War 2 leaves the island. For the first time in 300 years there are no British troops on St Helena.
        October 6th St. Paul’s Cathedral is re-dedicated after six years’ closure due to a White Ants attack. On the 21th The ‘Victory Issue’ Postage Stamps go on sale. On the 27th Government flax mill at Longwood destroyed by fire.

        April 29th King George VI with Queen Elizabeth and Princesses Elizabeth & Margaret visit St Helena.
        May 31st Governor George Andrew Joy is appointed.
        August 19th The Poor Society celebrates its Centenary.
        September 27th Government flax mill at Longwood reopens after fire in 1946
        December 31st Christie’s Fish Supplies of Capetown is issued a licence to fish in St Helena’s waters. The venture is not a success and the proposed fish-processing plant is never built.

        October 1th Aircraft Carriers HMS Theseus and Vengeance together with Destroyers HMS Corunna and Jutland take part in a military exercise involving a mock attack of St Helena with thirty naval aircraft. On 20th The Royal Silver Wedding issue Postage Stamps go on sale.
        November 27th New school is opened at Sandy Bay.
        December 9th Two hundred islanders, mostly women, emigrate to South Africa.

        July 22nd The ‘100 men’ leave St Helena and are shipped to Great Britain as agricultural workers - what was then the largest number of men to leave the Island at any one time.

        April 16th Canon L C Walcott dies at home in Palm Villa, aged 70. He founded scouting on St Helena.
        May 30th The foundation stone is laid for St. Helena & The Cross church.
        August 1st The middle and upper cemeteries in Jamestown are deconsecrate.
        November 1st Police Sergeant John Dillon awarded the British Empire Medal for attempting to save William Hurn who had fallen into the sea while leaving a ship.
        The one and only year in it's entire history when, thanks to a flourishing flax industry, the Island exports (just) exceeded it's imports.

        September 13th St. Helena & The Cross church is opened. The first Amateur Radio station starts operating from St Helena.

        February 2nd The Solomon Trust is created by Homfrey Solomon.
        July 1st The lower cemetery in Jamestown is deconsecrated. It later became the Duke of Edinburgh playground.

        January 1st Income Tax is introduced on St Helena. On the 11th Governor James Dundas Harford is appointed.
        November 1st Speed limit in Jamestown increased to 20mph, from 15mph

        January 1st The St Helena Wirebird is published for the first time.
        February 1st The St Helena Wirebird reports heavy Rollers, experienced on the island at the end of January, causing some damage, especially to a warehouse at the Wharf.
        April 16th Ovenstone of Capetown is issued a licence to fish in St Helena’s waters. A fish-canning plant follows in December 1956 but does not last one year.
        September 21st Animal census results: Cattle, 724; Horses, 29; Donkeys, 1,161; Sheep, 1,218; Goats, 1,861; Pigs, 266; Poultry, 9,200.

        February 10th The St Helena Wirebird publishes recipes for cooking Turtle.
        March 10th The St Helena Wirebird publishes a ‘For Sale’ advert for vehicle number 20, an Austin 7 “in good running order”. Price £50.
        June 1th A new Constitution comes into force, with minor changes to the island’s governing bodies but no democracy. On 10th The new General Hospital is opened by Governor James Dundas Harford.
        August 27th The new expanded Advisory Council is sworn in.
        September 10th The St Helena Wirebird publishes some letters complaining that Anglican priest Father Flint, vicar of Jamestown, had refused Christian burial to Albert Bennett because, Flint claimed, Bennett had been “living in sin” with his ‘housekeeper’. In response the Church defends its policy of “stern love”.
        October 15th The St Helena Wirebird announces that work to convert Jamestown’s Lower Graveyard into a playground can now commence. The resulting playground was officially opened by the Duke of Edinburgh during his 1957 visit, and still bears his name. On the 21st Governor Harford opens the new &rlquo;Parish Home’, which replaces the old Poor House. A feature, reported in the St Helena Wirebird{0}, is that the new building has electricity.
        November 10th The St Helena Wirebird reports (with clear relief) that this year, on Bonfire Night, the old practice of setting light to car tyres and rolling them down the hill seemed to have been abandoned in favour of a visit to the cinema (Allan Ladd in ‘Appointment With Danger’).
        December 21st Ovenstone’s fish factory is opened. On 30th October 1957 it is closed.

        January 22nd The Duke of Edinburgh arrives at St Helena while travelling around the world aboard the newly commissioned HMY Britannia. He opens the new playground in lower Market Street (now known as the ‘Duke of Edinburgh Playground’). On the 27th The Bahraini Prisoners arrive on St Helena, and are housed at Munden’s.
        May 7nd A radio telephone service is launched between St Helena and Ascension Island.
        August 3rd Longwood’s new Social Centre, named Harford Community Centre, is opened by Governor Harford.
        October 1st radio telephone link to Europe via Ascension Island connected by Cable & Wireless. On 30th Ovenstone’s fish factory, opened in December 1956, is closed.
        November 10nd The St Helena Wirebird carries an article concluding that smoking may be a cause of lung cancer.
        December 28th Harford Senior School opens in Longwood, and Hutt’s Gate School closes.

        January 22nd The United States Airforce (from Ascension Island) drops medical supplies for two patients suffering from Tetanus.
        February 26th Governor Robert Edmund Alford is appointed.
        July 23th A public meeting at the Cinema Hall in Jamestown is broadcast by radio by Percy Teale. The St Helena General Workers Union is formed.
        September 16th The Last Boer Prisoner dies after 58 years here and is buried in St. Paul’s Churchyard. On 22nd The St Helena General Workers Union calls its first Strike, at the Sandy Bay flax mill (just two months after the Union was formed).

        January 1st Solomon’s electricity supply and some of their farm assets are transferred to Government of St Helena ownership.
        March 1st One of the Bahraini Prisoners applies to the St Helena Supreme Court for a writ of habeas corpus, in which he challenges the Governor to show that his imprisonment is lawful. He fails.
        May 26st The Briars Pavilion, where Napoleon first resided, and the surrounding land is handed over to the French Government by its owner Dame Mabel Brookes
        August 1st St Paul’s Social Centre, now Kingshurst Community Centre, is opened.
        October 1st Jamestown Community Association formed. On 24th The new Junior School at Blue Hill is opened by Governor Alford.
        November 2nd Tne new Canister building in Jamestown (now home of the Tourist Office) is completed, built by Percy Teale. On 3rd Tercentenary (from the East India Company’s first settlement) celebrations start and last three days, including an exhibition at the recently-built Canister building in Jamestown (now home of the Tourist Office) and a Donkey Derby on Francis Plain. On 28th The St Helena Association is formed in London to help St Helena and its people.

        January 1st Atlantic rollers damage the sea front wall. On 3rd An experimental radio broadcast is made by a Mr. Freese, from the Arts Club in Jamestown.
        May 18th The St Helena Life Boat Life Saving Institution is formed.
        July 10th It is announced in the St Helena Wirebird{0} that the electricity supply will soon be extended beyond Jamestown to residents of Half Tree Hollow and St Paul’s. Electricity costs 1/- (£0.05p) per unit.
        October 30th Homfray Solomon, the last of the family to bear the name, dies at the hospital, aged 83.
        December 3rd Vehicles registered on St Helena comprise 87 cars, 126 commercial vehicles, 34 government vehicles and 35 motorcycles. Total 282. (The animal census for the previous year showed 999 donkeys.)

        January 10th The idea of a democratically elected Advisory Council is floated in the St Helena Wirebird. On the 20th Governor Alford opens the new Jamestown Primary School buildings (now Pilling School).
        February 14th South Afrian notes and coins are withdrawn from circulation, after decimalisation in South Africa.
        April 1st The Bishop of St Helena buys Prince’s Lodge from HW Solomon. On 4th The New York Herald Tribune reviews St Helena’s tourism prospects and concludes “Unless transportation and accommodation are improved, it seems to us that the best St Helena can hope for is an occasional off-beater to whom time and comfort are minor considerations.” On 18th An electricity supply is connected to Plantation House. On 29th An electricity supply is connected to some houses from Half Tree Hollow to White Gate.
        June 14th The Bahraini Prisoners depart St Helena.
        July 21st Jamestown Recreation Centre (now the Community Centre) is opened by Governor Alford.

        January 1st From this day free-ranging wild goats are officially prohibited throughout the island. On 10th The St Helena Wirebird announces that henceforth calls of Union Castle ships will be reduced to approximately one per month in each direction.
        March 1st A branch of the RSPCA is set up in St Helena.
        May 13th Governor John Osbaldiston Field is appointed.
        June 17th St. Andrew’s Church in Half Tree Hollow is opened.
        August 25th The practice of ‘begging’ by children on ship days is banned.
        December 29th The US Air Force drops medical supplies for victims of a bus accident 5 days earlier.

        May 2nd A cinema is opened in Longwood, at Apple Cottage On 15th The first ever registration of electors begins, and continues until 11th June.
        June 11th The ship ‘Northland Prince’ is launched. In 1977 she becomes the first RMS St Helena.
        September 5th Mr Harold “Spady” Wade lands a record-breaking 104Lbs Black Marlin (makaira marlina). On 11th The first Advisory Council (later Legislative Council) to be partly-elected is returned with 8 elected and 8 appointed members (but no actual power).
        October 16nd The first partly-elected Advisory Council (later Legislative Council) is sworn in and holds its first meeting.

        September 26th A helicopter from HMS Protector lands on the Plantation House lawn, delivering Governor Field and taking away the island’s first ever airmail.

        January 4th An internal postal service is organised for the island.
        March 2nd The Government of St Helena grants Frank Robb & Associates [FRASHI] a license to set up an fishing industry.
        May 29th Work begins on setting up the Diplomatic Wireless Station in Longwood.
        Closure of the flax mills after the British Post Office's decision to use synthetic fibres to tie it's mail bags.

        February 1st All subsidies on basic foods are abolished. Pensions are increased by 25%.
        March 1st A severe influenza epidemic causes several deaths.
        May 13th Florilla Mary Augustus becomes the first St Helenian to reach 100 years since records began. (She dies four days later.)
        November 17th Field Road, connecting Rupert’s to Sidepath, is opened.

        January 1st A new Constitution comes into force, with major changes to the island’s governing bodies and the introduction of democracy. On 17th The first ever meeting of St Helena's new Legislative Council start at 10am in the Court House, Jamestown.
        March 11th Test broadcasts begin, by Diplomatic Wireless Service staff, to see of a local radio station is technically feasible, using an antenna held up by two bamboo poles.
        April 8th It is announced that a new Government Broadcasting Station is to be set up, next to Country School.
        July 8th The island’s first ever Amateur Radio Rally is held, attracting six participants.
        August 19th As part of the broadcasting tests, the island’s first live musical performance is broadcast: a band called the ‘Hellbeats’. On 27th ‘Auntie Lou’ arrives on St Helena and decides to settle. She becomes one of the island’s most popular characters.
        September 8th St. Mary’s Church in The Briars is opened.
        October 14th St Helena Government Broadcasting Station starts broadcasting Variety Hour between 5 and 6 pm.
        December 1st A direct radio telephone link to South Africa is established. On 25th The St Helena Government Broadcasting Station (aka Radio St Helena) is officially launched on Christmas Day.

        March 27th Jaques Coustea visits on the Calypso.
        May 27th Governor Dermod Murphy is appointed.
        June 11th The first RSPCA clinic is held at the Red Cross Hut.
        August 1st Thornton and Metelercamp trading as SATIC purchase the majority of shares in Solomon’s.
        October 9th St Helena General Workers Union protests against Solomon’s shares being sold to foreigners.

        January 8th Radio St Helena begins broadcasting a musical request programme presented by Gary Price and Peter Gamble.
        March 8th SHG takes a 32% share in Solomons & Co and reserves the right to take a further 30% stake.
        August 11th A newspaper report proposes that Jonathan needs companions. Two giant tortoises are ordered from the Seychelles.
        September 5th Two small Giant Tortoises, Emma and David, arrive from the Seychelles.

        October 3rd The first St Helenian to study abroad and graduate from university, Basil George, returns to St Helena.

        February 15th Decimal currency is introduced in St Helena, as it is in the UK.
        May 22nd St. Martin-in-the-Hills church is dedicated.
        July 30th The first issue of independent newspaper the ‘St Helena News & Comment is published by Mr W C Beauchamp of Seaview.
        October 1st Governor Thomas Oates is appointed.
        December 12th The Ancient Order of Foresters celebrates its Centenary.

        January 17th A Giant Tortoises, Myrtle, arrives from the Seychelles.
        April 16th Cyril Young & Leonard Hayes receive Royal Humane Society certificates for rescuing a girl at the wharf.

        February 6th The Working Men’s Christian Association celebrates its Centenary.
        October 6th St Helena is suffering from a severe drought and water supplies are turned off between 10pm and 4am.
        December 13th Tercentenary of the first Royal Charter celebrated with a commemorative Crown coin.

        April 1st The St Helena Government buys 30,000 shares on Solomon & Company (St Helena) Ltd.
        October 12th Publication of the ‘Crallan Report’ by Hugh Crallan, documenting the state of the island’s Historic Buildings. On 13thThe St Helena Labour Party - the island’s first and only political party - is inaugurated (it collapses a few years later). On 22nd Frank Robb & Associates [FRASHI] surrenders its license to process fish in St Helena.

        March 8th An expert arrives to advise on the cause and prevention of rock falls in James Valley.
        June 21st Eric O’Dean and Ivan Henry are swept from rocks at Deep Valley and drowned.
        September 3rd A small earthquake is reported; no injuries or reported damage.
        December 4th The Ivylets perform the pantomime ‘The Blue Mynah Bird of Happiness’ at the Paramount Cinema Hall in Jamestown (and again the following night).

        January 1st St Helena’s Post Office switches to the Metric system.
        Febuary 2nd St Helena banknotes are introduced, in denominations of £10, £5 £1 and £0.50p.
        March 31st John Cranfield opens a Drive-In Cinema on the old Ladder Hill Fort Parade Ground.
        June 13th A team of divers arrives to try to salvage the Witte Leeuw a Dutch 17th Century merchantman.
        July 12th Petrol rationing is enforced.
        August 1st UK BANKNOTES cease to be legal tender in St Helena, athough shops continue to accept them,
        September 1st The Meteorological Station at Bottom Woods commences operations. On 24th The Clifford Arboretum opens at Casons.
        October 27th The Meteorological Station opens at Bottom Woods.
        November 4th Fishing vessel the John Melliss is launched, named after John Melliss.
        December 5th Governor Geoffrey Colin Guy is appointed.

        January 17th European Wasps invade St Helena. Nine nests are destroyed. They are occasionally seen to this day.
        June 7th An estimated 2,000 people (believed to be an island record) gather to celebrate the Queen’s Silver Jubilee.
        July 7th The Jubilee Cold Store opens in Rupert’s Valley. For the first time island fish can be frozen prior to export and also to create a buffer stock for the off season. On 20th The island’s fishing limit is extended to 200 miles.
        August 1st The St Helena Shipping Co. is set up and Curnow are appointed to operate the RMS St Helena.
        September 7th The 300th Anniversary of Edmond Halley’s visit is marked by erecting stone tablets on the site of his observatory.
        November 8th The last Union Castle Line ship arrives, marking the end of the service. The (first) RMS St Helena arrives two months later.
        December 28th The (first) RMS St Helena makes its first call to St Helena, on its maiden voyage from Avonmouth, UK to Cape Town.

        February 1st Cotton is sown at Guinea Grass and Cleughs Plain.
        March 16th The Church Provident Society for Women celebrates its Centenary.
        April 28th The St Helena Government Broadcasting Station (aka Radio St Helena) is upgraded with new studio equipment.
        May 21st Saint Helena’s Day is celebrated for the first time.
        June 1st The St Helena Handicapped Persons Aid Trust is formed.
        August 14th Blue Hill Community Centre is opened.
        October 5th The RMS St Helena arrives in James Bay on her maiden voyage.
        November 1st Radio St Helena changes its frequency to 1548KHz (194 metres), bringing it into line with global radio frequency agreements. On 12th The Royal Engineers arrive for Project Bonaparte, including building the Swimming Pool and levelling Francis Plain.
        December 14th Small Industries Authority opened to encourage local industry. This was a predecessor or what is now Enterprise St Helena.

        January 1st Fishing licences are introduced and required by all owners / users of fishing boats. On 29th New St Helena banknotes are introduced, in denominations of £10 and £5. On 31th Francis Plain opens after levelling by The Royal Engineers (‘Project Bonaparte’). A Grand Sports Day is held.
        March 1st It is announced that February’s rainfall was the highest on record, at 141.6mm. At the time of writing this record stands.
        April 4th St Helena Preservation Action Committee meets with Governor Guy to discuss ways of establishing a heritage trust (which became the St Helena Heritage Society).
        November 24th The Swimming Pool opens after construction by The Royal Engineers (‘Project Bonaparte’). A Gala is held.
        December 12th Formation of the Fisheries Corporation. Three water treatment plants (Red Hill, Hutt’s Gate and hub’s Spring) open after construction by The Royal Engineers (‘Project Bonaparte’). Treated water is available for the first time on St Helena. Some residents complain that they don’t like the taste.

        January 4th Local Radio Amateur Michael Francis (ZD7AL) has a contact with King Hussein of Jordan, and exchanges QSL cards.
        February 2nd Eight Sapper Way houses are sold by auction for £7,200 to £9,200. On 13th Nominations close for the by-election in St Paul’s West with no candidates nominated. The process has to be re-started.
        March 7th The price of the weekly St Helena News Review doubles! - from 1p to 2p. Persons with annual subscriptions are requested to pay the difference “at their earliest convenience”. On 31st The unsafe spire of St. James’ Church is demolished.
        May 24st The St Helena Heritage Society opens the Broadway House museum. (It moved to the current Museum of St Helena location in 2002.)
        October 7th For the first time Chlorine is added to the Jamestown water supply. Other areas’ supplies were upgraded in the following months, but not the supply to Blue Hill, which remains non-chlorinated to this day.
        November 11th George & Charles Benjamin, assisted by visiting biologist Quentin Cronk, rediscover the St Helena Ebony at Castle Rock, thought previously to be extinct. (It is now widely grown and is our National Flower.)

        January 26th Redhill Water Treatment Plant (serving Half Tree Hollow and St Paul’s) becomes the second to add chlorine to the drinking water (after Jamestown on 7th October 1980).
        March 10th Governor John Dudley Massingham is appointed. An expert arrives to microfilm the archived civil records.
        June 9th Thunderstorms cover the island.
        July 24th St Helena News Review prints a coloured front page to celebrate the wedding of Prince Charles to Lady Diana Spencer - a first for an island newspaper. On 29th The wedding of Prince Charles to Lady Diana Spencer is celebrated with sports on Francis Plain.
        August 15th A fire at the Jubilee Cold Store blazes for two hours before it can be brought under control. Losses are estimated at £100,000.
        September 4th The road from Mundens Point to Rupert’s is closed due to undercutting by the sea at Romans Cove. It has never re-opened. On 10th ‘Auntie Lou’ dies. Her wish to be buried at sea in her van ‘Suzy Wong’ is not granted.
        October 18th St Helena starts a trial of Daylight Saving Time, with clocks scheduled to go back on 21st March 1982. It proves unpopular and the trial is scrapped.
        December 10th Cinema the ‘Queen Mary Theatre’ opens in Napoleon Street with 500 seats.

        January 15th St Helena Fisheries Corporation buys MFV Westerdam for £45,000 plus £75,000 for renovations. On 18th The St Helena Brewery launches ‘Atlantic Ale’, a “premium pale ale” at 50p/pint. On 28th The Daylight Saving Time experiment started on 18th October 1981 is terminated early due to public discontent. It had been scheduled to end on 21st March.
        May 7th It is announced that a new Power Station is to be constructed at Cow Path. One is later built - in Rupert’s. On 20th The RMS St Helena is requisitioned for use by the British Task Force in the Falklands.
        June 13th The RMS St Helena leaves St Helena for use by the British Task Force in the Falklands. On the 14th The St Helena Handicapped Persons Aid Society is formed, re-constituted from the St Helena Handicapped Persons Aid Trust (formed in 1978).
        August 1st St. Paul’s Cathedral re-opens after refurbishments, including re-tiling the floor. On 14th The RMS St Helena completes her duties in the Falklands and heads for St Helena. On 25th The RMS St Helena returns to the island from the Falklands, but is immediately re-enlisted for further military support.
        Octobrer 1st Three St Helenians compete in the Commonwealth Games in Brisbane. On 2nd RAF Nimrod aircraft from Ascension Island drop canisters of mail for St Helena into the sea for collection.
        December 2nd PC Leonard Coleman is shot dead near Longwood Road. On 20th The Silver Hill Bar in Levelwood opens for the first time.

        January 1st The British Nationality Act 1981 comes into force, denying Saints the right to live and work in the UK. This lasts until 21st May 2002.
        February 21st A man is convicted of the December 1982 murder of PC Leonard Coleman, and sentenced to life imprisonment.
        April 13th A feasibility study begins into creation of a Central Secondary School. The result, Prince Andrew School, opened in August 1988. On 16th The new 600-line automated telephone exchange is commissioned, though only serving half the island. Residents of Blue Hill, Sandy Bay, Levelwood, Longwood and Guinea Grass are to be connected later. On 25th To increase sales of ‘Atlantic Ale’ Governor Massingham almost doubles duty on imported beers (36p/L to 67p/L), and halves the duty on locally-brewed beer.
        May 23rd The first carnival is held on the island.
        June 6th An ‘Air Mail’ service opens to St Helena - sort of. Mail is conveyed by aircraft to Ascension Island and thence by the ‘next available vessel’. On 9th Scott Mill reservoir becomes operational.
        October 8th The RMS St Helena finally returns to the island from military service. On 25th The island’s first hair-dressing salon opens in Napoleon Street (for both men and ladies!) A ‘Perm’ costs £11; a ‘Shampoo & Set, £3. ‘Men’s Cut and Blow Wave’ is £2.

        January 3rd St Helena & Ascension coins go into circulation for the first time. On 6th An Inidentified Flying Object (“dome shaped, brilliantly lit, hovering, then disappearing at fantastic speed”) is reported by several people, to the west of the island at about 9pm. On 10th It is announced by Buckingham Palace that His Royal Highness Prince Andrew will visit St Helena on 5th and 6th April 1984 to mark the 150th Anniversary of the founding of the Crown Colony. On 26th The Solomon’s Board resolves to convert the company to a Public Limited Company, under the new name Solomon & Co. (St Helena) PLC. At the time of writing{0} this is its current status, with 63% of shares currently owned by the Government of St Helena. On 31st By Royal Warrant, the island’s (current) flag and Coat of Arms are officially adopted.
        February 4rd A Lace & Handicraft Adviser arrives with a view to re-strarting our Lace Industry. On 14th Solomon’s officially becomes a Public Limited Company, under the new name Solomon & Co. (St Helena) PLC.
        March 24th The Salvation Army celebrates 100 years on St Helena
        April 5th Prince Andrew arrives for a two-day visit. The island’s new secondary school is subsequently named after him, in honour of the visit. On 6th Prince Andrew departs at the end of his two-day visit.
        May 10th The Salvation Army on St Helena celebrates its Centenary. On 20th Andrew Neaum succeeds his father, David Neaum, as Archdeacon of 3t Helena, the only time this has ever happened.
        July 1st UK coins cease to be legal tender in St Helena (though shops continue to accept them, even to this day).
        August 3rd Governor Francis Eustace Baker is appointed.
        November 16th The United Nations General Assembly votes to “urge the UK to bolster St Helena’s economy and raise the native awareness of the right to become independent”. The Independence call is not heeded. On 17th Gerald Henry becomes the first ever St Helenian Chief of Police.

        January 22nd An RAF Hercules C130 flies over the island surveying Prosperous Plain as maybe a suitable site for building an airstrip. It also dropped mail.
        June 21st The St Helena News Review complains that parking in Jamestown is “now virtually impossible”.
        July 23st Colin Plato wins a bronze medal in the 100 metres at the Island Games.
        November 13st A meeting is held aiming to re-start the Chamber of Commerce. An inaugural General Meeting is scheduled to take place in mid-January 1986 (it actually takes place on 12th February). On 20th A Thunderstorm is recorded over the island. On 22nd It is announced that a £20 note will be issued, probably in August 1986.
        December 6th The ‘Rock Guards’ team is created, to inspect hanging rocks to detect potential rockfalls. They are Mr Douglas Yon and Mr Derek Henry.

        January 26nd The Right Reverend James Nathaniel Johnson is enthroned as the first island-born Bishop of St Helena.
        February 12th Coconuts are planted in Rupert’s Valley. (none remain today.)
        March 7th The new (current) power station is opened in Rupert’s Valley by Governor Baker.
        April 25th Twenty-eight islanders leave to work on the Falklands. This group is the first - with many more to follow.
        May 21st It is announced in the UK Parliament that a new ship, a replacement for the original RMS is to be built by a UK shipyard. On 30th 2,863 people sign a citizenship petition to be sent to the President of the European Parliament, asking for the return of the right for Saints to live and work in the UK.
        June 1st A spate of power disruptions over the weekend leads some to claim it is due to the new power station having been built on an old slave burial ground. Actually the cause is a cracked insulator. On 5th The final edition of the St Helena News Review is published. It is replaced on 11th July with the St Helena News, the island’s first computer typeset newspaper.
        July 11th The St Helena News commences publication; the island’s first computer typeset newspaper. On 28th The first concrete is poured at Francis Plain in the project to build the new Central School (now Prince Andrew School).
        August 29th Half Tree Hollow Community centre is opened.
        September 29th The foundation stone is laid for the new Central School (now Prince Andrew School).
        October 31st Donald H Thorpe dies.
        November 30th The Times in London publishes a plan to buy a four-engined flying boat from the Japanese Navy to serve St Helena. Nothing comes of the plan.

        March 29th An Annular Eclipse is seen on St Helena.
        April 1st Tax deduction by PAYE commences on St Helena. The Public Health (Jamestown) Regulations 1987 comes into force, prohibiting the keeping of livestock (“swine, goats, cattle, sheep, horses, donkeys or fowls”) within 500 yards either side of The Run. On 13th Alcoholmeters are introduced for driving offences. Record 24-hour rainfall is recorded on St Helena: 44.1mm. The record is not broken until 26th April 2017. On 15th Flooding in Jamestown washes Shep, a dog, into the Run. Lost for many hours he is assumed washed out to sea, but then found, alive but somewhat bedraggled, near where the petrol station is today. On 18th The three day work scheme is started. On 29th Thorpe’s advertises for sale an Olivetti M19 micro-computer with 256k RAM, Single 360k floppy drive, green mono screen, keyboard & MS DOS ver 3.10. Price is £1,359. An EPSON LX80 dot matrix printer with “near letter quality” and tractor feed is available for a further £299.
        June 17th A Mobile Library, generously donated to St Helena by the Island of Jersey, commences operation on St Helena. On 19th Mrs Patricia Glanville becomes the first woman employed by Cable & Wireless. The St Helena News reports that “it became necessary to advertise for ladies due to the lack of suitable male applicants”.
        July 2nd The Mini-Roundabout outside the Canister in Jamestown comes into operation, the island’s first. On 18th The new Skittle Alley at the Blue Hill Community Centre is opened by Governor Baker.
        August 10th MV Westerdam sets out for her first commercial fishing trip, heading for the Seamounts.
        October 30th The Bulk Fuel Farm in Rupert’s Valley commences operation. (It remained largely unaltered until the Airport was constructed.)
        November 1st The Artificial Reef is started with several old cars. On 11th Douglas Wallis’ purpose-built fish canning factory opens in Rupert’s Valley. ‘Emperor Brand Tuna’ continues until February 2012. On 27th It is announced that the new RMS will be built in Aberdeen by Hall Russell Ltd. The contract is signed on 17th December.
        December 11th The Bulk Fuel Farm in Rupert’s Valley is formally opened by Governor Baker. On 17th The contract for building the new RMS is signed with Hall Russell Ltd. Of Aberdeen. On 28th The Church Benefit Society for Children celebrates its Centenery.

        March 4th The St Helena News begins a series explaining what computers are and how they can be used. “Designers are working on computers using molecular electronics rather than silicon chips, which may be available by the year 2000”. On 19th The ‘Friends of St Helena’ is formed in Cheltenham UK. On 29th Expedition from London Zoo arrives for ‘Project Hercules’ - the search for the Giant Earwig. (They fail to find it.)
        April 7th The 40th Anniversary of the World Health Organization is marked with a national Non-Smoking Day. Some participate! On 8th A letter in the St Helena News from Tara George proposes that St Helena should consider using wind-generation for electricity (which it now does). On 15th It is announced that the logo for Prince Andrew School has been chosen, designed by ‘Mr J Drummond’ “a member of staff in the Education Department”. On 21st Governor Robert Frederick Stimson is appointed.
        May 18th An agreement is signed with Japantuna, granting it a licence to fish in St Helena’s waters from 1st June. Expected income is around £115,000 per annum. There is much disquiet that the island had not been consulted during the negotiations.
        June 13th The island’s Friendly Societies hold a joint rally on Francis Plain. On 15th The keel is laid for the new RMS St Helena.
        July 29th The Longwood Handicapped Centre (christened ‘Barn House’, now known as ‘Barn View’) is opened by Governor Stimson.
        August 22th St Helena Fisheries Corporation sells the MFV Westerdam. With the withdrawal of UK Government financial support its operation is no longer financially viable.
        September 5th Prince Andrew School opens to pupils.
        October 7th It is announced that Governor Stimson has approved the new electoral district boundaries. The Alarm Forest District is created and the voting age lowered to 18.
        November 9th The Harper’s Agricultural Centre is opened by Governor Stimson to provide agricultural training in association with the new Prince Andrew School. On 12th The Mechanics And Friendly Benefits Society celebrates its 150th anniversary. On 16th Hall Russell Ltd. Of Aberdeen, who have the contract for building the new RMS, calls in the receivers. The future of the ship’s construction is put into doubt. On 28th The Constitution is amended: the voting age is lowered from 21 to 18 and democracy is greatly extended.

        January 1st A new Constitution comes into force, providing that the Legislative Council will nominate the members of the Executive Council, rather than them being appointed by the Governor.
        February 26th Aerial survey flight for possible airport development.
        May 21st Radio St Helena broadcasts to the world, via the BBC World Service.
        June 5th Prince Andrew School is officially opened by visiting MP Mark Taylor. On 24th The Fisheries Association (now ‘Commercial Fishing Association’) is formed.
        July 29th Shopping hours change whereby shops in Jamestown starte closing on a Saturday afternoon but open again on Saturday Evening. (This pattern remains today.)
        August 29th Cable & Wireless takes over the island’s telephone system (now operated by Sure South Atlantic Limited).
        October 31st New RMS St Helena is launched in Aberdeen by Prince Andrew.

        January 17th International Direct Dialling comes into operation from St Helena.
        April 5th Phytosanitary Certificates are introduced in an attempt to control the accidental imports of pests. On 14th Independent newspaper ‘The New Wirebird’ is published for the first time. At twice the price of the St Helena News it still sells.
        May 1st The Market in Jamestown is re-opened after refurbishment.
        June 15th A 24-hour music festival is held at High Knoll Fort to raise funds for hospital equipment.
        October 6th The first Shortwave broadcast to the world is made by Radio St Helena - inaugurating ‘Radio St Helena Day’.
        November 30th The new RMS St Helena arrives on her maiden voyage from the UK.
        December 22nd The MV Frontier arrives in James Bay. Two days later the entire crew is arrested for drug posession.

        May 17th Governor Alan Norman Hoole is appointed. On 28th The ABT Summer (a Saudi Arabian oil tanker) explodes 760Km off St Helena. Survivors arrive the following day. On 29th Nineteen survivors of the ABT Summer (a Saudi Arabian oil tanker) explosion arrive on the island.
        June 21st Independent newspaper ‘The New Wirebird’ publishes its last edition. On 26th Speedy the Giant Tortoise moves to Plantation House. He had been living in Longwood since 1972.
        July 18st The entire crew of the MV Frontier is convicted of drug possession, and imprisoned. The vessel becomes the possession of the Crown. On 23rd The Oman Sea One is granted a licence to fish crabs in St Helena’s waters.
        August 31st The Oman Sea One capsizes in heavy seas, only a month after its fishing licence was granted. Four men are lost.

        January 24th A flu epidemic peaks with 651 children absent from school (and 21 teachers).
        June 12th Mr Yu Sang Lee’s proposals to bring inward investment to the island are rejected by the government.
        October 23rd 25th Anniversary of Radio St Helena is celebrated (two months early) with a Shortwave Broadcast.
        The Bishop's Commission on Citizenship was established at the Fifteenth Session of Diocesan Synod.

        January 9th The Jehova’s Witnesses celebrate the opening of their New Kingdom Hall in Half Tree Hollow.
        May 21st St Helena’s Day celebrations include burying a ‘time capsule’ to be opened in 2193.
        June 1st June floods [a fairly regular occurrence] affect the Bulk Fuel Farm at Rupert’s Valley and cause rockfalls and a prolonged power outage.
        September 29th Another expedition from London Zoo arrives to search for the Giant Earwig. (Like the 1988 expedition, they also fail to find it.)
        October 15th Radio St Helena Day 1993 goes on air to the world.

        January 19th An Exclusion Order is issued against Horst Timmerick & his wife, owners of the Queen Mary Store and the boat Brigitte III (which was seized and became the Atlantic Rose.)
        March 27th The largest Cruise Ship of the decade, the Queen Elizabeth 2, disembarks c.800 passengers.
        April 4th Captain Willem Merk, famous drug smuggler, escapes from Jamestown Prison and flees the island. His boat, MV Frontier, is later scuppered.
        May 25th The reservoir at Harper’s valley becomes operational.
        June 1th The Post Office starts an island-wide door-to-door delivery service. Also tried in 1965 this too does not survive. On 22nd The All Party St Helena Group is formed among MPs from the House of Commons and Peers from the House of Lords.
        July 26th Irishenco completes work on the sea wall at Rupert’s.
        October 4th The death of the island’s last Wild St Helena Olive is announced on Radio St Helena. On 20th David Henry returns to St Helena to restart commercial coffee production.
        November 20th The New Apostolic Hall in Half Tree Hollow opens.
        December 14th The MV Frontier is scuppered off Lemon Valley.

        January 18th The foundation stone (a remnant of the steeple from St. James’) is laid for St. Michael’s, in Rupert’s.
        March 31th Television is introduced to the island at a charge of £5 per month for the CNN 24-hour news station.
        September 9th Governor David Leslie Smallman is appointed.
        December 4th Radio St Helena goes off-air for two days for antenna maintenance. On 6th Radio St Helena comes back on-air arter two days of antenna maintenance in which 3m was added to its height.

        January 11th A meeting between former Captain of the RMS St Helena, Captain David Roberts and Governor David Smallman leads to the creation of the Governor’s Cup Race.
        March 11th Diana’s Peak, Cuckold Point and Mount Actaeon are designated a National Park.
        April 11th Governor Smallman is cornered in his Office for several hours by a crowd of some sixty Islanders protesting about unemployment and low incomes - an incident reported by The Daily Telegraph in London as a “riot”. (Benefits are increased four days later.)
        May 12th The chapel at Rupert’s Valley is dedicated.
        July 31st An advisory committee is appointed for the Millennium and Quincentennary celebrations.
        August 5th An underground cabling team finds a tunnel in Jamestown, under Main Street.
        December 8th The first Governor’s Cup starts from Cape Town.

        April 8th Eric ‘Mr. Music’ George receives his MBE from Governor David Smallman.
        June 24th Governor David J. Hollamby is appointed.
        July 23rd Due to a story circulating on the island at the time, the St Helena News thinks it necessary to reassure its readers that humans and animals can not be infected by a computer virus…
        October 23rd Radio St Helena Day is held for what is assumed to be the last time. Later revived in 2006.
        November 26rd Cable & Wireless St Helena celebrates its Centenary of operating on St Helena.
        December 17th Due to shipping problems the island actually runs out of cigarettes - for two days.
        December 31st The island starts celebrating the new Millennium with a 24-hour overnight party that continues throughout the following day.

        January 1th The island celebrates the new Millennium with a 24-hour overnight party that begins at 12:00 the preceding day.
        February 29th Argos Atlantic Cold Store Ltd. opens its new Fish Processing facility in Rupert’s.
        March 6th The project begins to convert the disused Jamestown Power House to the new Museum of St Helena. On 27th The Poor Society is wound up.
        May 2nd The Ancient Order of Foresters is dissolved at a General Meeting. On 21st As part of the St Helena’s Day celebrations Jacob’s Ladder is lit for the first time.
        October 2nd Radio St Helena moves to a full-day schedule.
        December 10th ‘Beluga’ takes Line Honours in the 2000 Governor’s Cup. On 11th ‘Gladeye’ arrives and is declared winner of the 2000 Governor’s Cup.

        January 1st The old tradition of New Year’s Day Sports is restarted with an event on Francis Plain, organised by the Island Games Association. On 6th The new Levelwood Community Centre opens.
        February 9th St Helena News publishes a ‘farewell letter’ from escaped prisoner Captain Willem Merk, famous drug smuggler.
        May 21st The Countdown Clock to the Quincentenary of St Helena (500 years) is started by Mrs. Ethel Yon MBE. On 25th The St Helena News publishes its last edition and fails to mention that it is about to be replaced by the St Helena Herald.
        June 1st The first edition of the St Helena Herald is published. On 21st A partial Solar Eclipse (95% coverage) is seen from St Helena.
        November 2nd The project to convert the disused Jamestown Power House to the new Museum of St Helena halts due to lack of funds.

        January 31st The Leisure Park is openend by Deputy Governor John Styles.
        February 12th Careers Fair 2002 is the first event held in the Leisure Park. On 22nd The Guide Hall opened in Half Tree Hollow is named the Walcott Guide Hall after Winifred, founder of Guiding on St Helena and wife of Canon Walcott.
        March 21st The “Dutchies” (Maarten Hogenstijn & Daniël van Middelkoop) arrive to begin research for their Phd thesis “Spatial identities of the citizens of Saint Helena”
        May 21st Full British Citizenship, including the right to live and work in the UK, is restored to Saints, as a result 1/3 of the islands population emigrate[1]. The Quincentenary of St Helena (500 years) is widely celebrated on the island, in London and in the Falklands. The Museum of St Helena opens for the first time. The St Helena National Trust is inaugurated. On 31th The “Dutchies” (Maarten Hogenstijn & Daniël van Middelkoop) depart, having completed research for their Phd thesis “Spatial identities of the citizens of Saint Helena”
        July 31th The Government of St Helena announces that it has terminated discussions with Shelco about the construction of an airport for St Helena.
        November 15th Anne, the Princess Royal arrives. During her two day visit she lays the foundation stone for the island’s Community Care Complex, a residential home for the elderly in Half Tree Hollow.
        December 9th ‘Beluga’ takes Line Honours in the 2002 Governor’s Cup. On 10th ‘Our Dianne’ arrives and is declared winner of the 2002 Governor’s Cup.

        March 7th Mass demonstrations call for “a general change in government policy and strategy through openness, transparency and accountability in the way it handles Island affairs.”
        July 25th The St Helena Herald carries reports that poachers have been spotted by Portzic, fishing inside St Helena’s 200 mile exclusive fishing zone.
        August 8th The St Helena Herald leads with news of a “Major Drug Investigation”. Apparently four people have been detained for possession of Cannabis.
        October 3rd It is reported that deadly Black Widow Spiders have been found on St Helena. It is later realised that the spiders have been mid-identified and are actually much less troublesome Brown Widow Spiders latrodectus geometricus. On 27th Johnny Drummond dies of cancer. His legacy will fund the creation of Saint FM.
        November 7th The St Helena Olive nesiota elliptica is declared extinct, a “tragic loss to St Helena and the world”.

        July 22nd A broadcasting licence is issued to Saint FM, the island’s first independent commercial radio station,which starts test transmissions two months later.
        September 11nd Paul Stroud “escapes’ from HM Prison, Jamestown; he had been let out on his own to water St. James’s church garden and failed to return. He was recaptured on 21st. On 21st Paul Stroud, who “escaped’ from HM Prison, Jamestown on the 11th after being let out on his own to water St. James’s church garden, is recaptured. On 27th Saint FM, the island’s first independent commercial radio station, starts test transmissions. On 30th Governor Hollamby’s departure is boycotted by most of Legislative Council.
        October 15th Governor Michael Clancy is appointed.
        December 19th ‘Bossanova’ takes Line Honours in the 2004 Governor’s Cup. On 20th ‘Our Dianne’ arrives and is declared winner of the 2004 Governor’s Cup. On 26th Two prisoners escape from the Prison. They are both later recaptured at their homes, eating Christmas Dinner.

        January 2nd With the headline ’Good riddance your Excellency!’, the Mail on Sunday presents a double-page spread in which ex-Governor David Hollamby is painted in very unattractive colours, quoting inter-alia Legislative Council members and the island’s Bishop. On 3rd Saint FM, the island’s first independent commercial radio station, officially opens. On 8th The water taps in Longwood actually run dry because the local distribution system does not have enough water to cover the demand from its customers.
        February 11th Ann’s Place is severely damaged by the falling rocks. Nobody is hurt. Work begins immediately and it reopens only weeks later.
        March 11th For the first time in many years there are four ships in James Bay: The RMS St Helena, the SV Concordia and the American Supply vessels John P Bobo and PFC Dewayne T Williams. On 14th The British Government announces plans to construct an airport on St Helena to bolster the Island’s economy and reduce the dependence on ships to supply the Island, the airport to open in 2012.
        May 4th Saint FM launches its internet stream, for the first time making it possible for people from all over the world to listen regularly to St Helena.
        August 1st A ban on smoking comes into force in government buildings and vehicles. On 18th Construction work on the Princess Royal Community Care Complex at Ladder Hill starts with a small ceremony.
        November 11th The St Helena Independent is launched, as an Internet-only newspaper. The first edition contains just 11 pages (three of which are adverts for Saint FM).
        December 26th The Boxing Day on the Bridge party is interrupted by heavy rain and band The Big Easy abandon their instruments for fear of electrocution.

        January 27th The first printed edition of the St Helena Independent goes on sale.
        April 8th The Atlantic Rose slips her moorings and drifts onto West Rocks, where she is terminally damaged.
        May 2th An RAF C130 aircraft makes a test flight over the proposed site of St Helena Airport and reports no problems. All the island’s schools close for the day so children can see their first ever aircraft.
        July 28th It is announced that, due to falling school numbers, Pilling School in Jamestown will close. There is a public outcry and the decision is reversed.
        September 1th Saint FM is heard for the first time in Stanley on the Falklands.
        November 24th The discovery of Slave Graves in Rupert’s Valley is announced in the island newspapers.
        December 28th The 2006/7 Governor’s Cup sets off from the V&A Waterfront, Cape Town, for St Helena.

        January 7th ‘Our Dianne’ takes Line Honours in the 2006/7 Governor’s Cup. On 8th ‘Diddakoi’ arrives and is declared winner of the 2006/7 Governor’s Cup. On 30th It is announced that Dr Rebecca Cairns-Wicks, one of the island’s leading conservationists gets an MBE in the New Year Honours.
        November 11th Governor Andrew Murray Gurr is appointed.
        December 15th Radio St Helena holds its 10th Radio St Helena Day. On 20th Two stowaways arrive on St Helena after being set adrift from a pasing ship. They do not seek assylum and are later repatriated.

        April 18th The Invasive Species Project announces the results of a rabbit ‘census’ - the count is 30,000. They estimate the rat population at five times that number.
        May 16th Saint FM is heard for the first time on Tristan da Cunha. On 27May The Lost Sedge, bulbostylis neglecta, is rediscovered on High Hill.
        June 13th Archaeological digs start in Rupert’s Valley, excavating the slave graves discovered there.
        August 14th The worst rock-fall for decades brings Jamestown to a halt, disrupts power supplies and damages buildings. The Baptist Church is worst hit. Fortunately there are no casualties.
        September 6th The Princess Royal Community Care Complex opens. On 10th Former fishing vessel Portzic is scuttled, off Lemon Valley.
        November 1st From this day the St Helena Herald and Radio St Helena are no longer allowed to accept paid advertising. On 7th The St Helena Herald issues its first edition without paid advertising.
        December 8th The airport plan is ‘paused’, officially due to the world economic crisis. On 29th The 2008/9 Governor’s Cup sets off from False Bay Yacht Club, Cape Town, for St Helena.

St Helena Constitution 2009-Present

        January 11th ‘Phoenix’ wins Line Honours in the 2008/9 Governor’s Cup, arriving after 12 days, 19 hours and 48 minutes at sea. On 12th ‘Patches’ arrives at c.12:00 and is declared winner of the 2008/9 Governor’s Cup.
        September 1st St Helena’s current Constitution comes into force.
        Decmber 2nd The RMS St Helena arrives and an offloaded container is found to contain a large number of guns. It later transpires these are the private collection of the new Baptist Minister. On 13th Lord Ashcroft overflies St Helena in his private jet. He is one of those arguing that the airport project should be ‘un-paused’.

        March 19th The St Helena Independent reports that large sections of Banks Battery have been swept into the sea by recent storms.
        March 30th The Queen Mary II visits; the whole of Grand Parade is filled with stalls.
        April 9th ‘Teabag’, the Radio St Helena station cat has to be put to sleep after contracting a wasting disease.
        December 11th ‘Banjo’ takes line honours in the 2010 Governor’s Cup. ‘Our Diane’ arrives later the same day and is declared overall winner of the Cup. On 17th The St Helena Independent publishes the words of a satirical version of the PAS School Song, in circulation around the school. Much outrage follows. On 20th A ‘Memorandum of Understanding’ (MoU) is signed between the Government of St Helena and the UK Government, securing funding for the new Airport in exchange for reforms the Government of St Helena must make to open up St Helena for inward investment. On 22th The new trail to the Heart Shaped Waterfall is officially opened. On 27th Garbage workers refuse to clean up after the Boxing Day Celebrations, in a dispute over pay, and supervisors have to clean the streets themselves.

        January 14th St Helena National Trust announces that island donkeys will again be employed in “the old fashioned way”, carrying endemic plants and other equipment.
        April 16th There is a massed protest over tax reforms and increases in charges for services, including electricity and water.
        May 24th The UK government announces intention of £250 Million pound investment to build the airport.[1] Negotiations begin with Basil Read Pty to build it.
        July 7th The Government of St Helena announces that it is planning to set up a new Media organisation to replace Radio St Helena and the St Helena Herald.
        September 5th In heavy seas yacht QueeQueg breaks free from its moorings in James Bay and is smashed on the rocks at the Needle’s Eye. Nobody is injured.
        October 29th Governor Mark Andrew Capes is appointed.
        November 3rd Contracts for construction of the airport are signed with Basil Read Pty.
        December 23rd It is announced that Alan Hudson is to be the first Saint employed on the airport construction project.

        February 8th The owners of the Emperor Brand Tuna cannery announce the intention to close, due to the cost of complying with new food hygeine regulations.
        March 9th Government newspaper the St Helena Herald issues its last edition. On 20th The first edition of the St Helena Sentinel is published. On 20th The St Helena Independent issues its “last edition” - but actually restarts within a month.
        April 27th Steve Owens, Chairman of the International Dark Sky Association’s Dark Sky Places Development Committee, visits St Helena and gives a positive assessment of our Astronomical conditions. The St Helena Independent resumes publication after a campaign for it to continue (it closed in March 2012).
        December 19th Saint FM announces on its website that it will close down on Friday (21st), claiming Government interference in free media.
        December 21st Saint FM closes down, claiming Government interference in free media. On 25th Radio St Helena closes down, leaving the island with no active radio station until S.A.M.S. Radio 1 launches on 13th February.

        January 1st ‘Banjo’ takes line honours in the 2012 Governor’s Cup. On 3rd ‘Reaction’ arrives and is declared winner of the 2012 Governor’s Cup. On 8th A public meeting at the Blue Hill Community Centre, held to discuss the erratic electricity supply, is disrupted by - a power cut! On 20th Passengers on the MS Sinfonia rebell when the captain says the sea is too rough to land them. He changs his mind. On 21st A new record is set by Graham Doig, who climbed Jacob’s Ladder in a time of 5 minutes, 16.78 seconds.
        February 13th S.A.M.S. Radio 1 launches on World Radio Day. On 22th Saint FM Community Radio receives its broadcasting licence. It launches 16 days later.
        March 1st A hosepipe ban is imposed when water supplies dwindle to perilously low levels after months of hot sun and little rain. It does not rain until August. On 7th S.A.M.S. Radio 2 begins testing, and launches 14 days later. On 10th Saint FM Community Radio launches, taking over the frequencies previously used by Saint FM. On 21st S.A.M.S. Radio 2 launches, giving 24/7 access to the BBC World Service.
        April 1st Bug experts are astonished by the rediscovery of one of St Helena’s smallest creatures, a leaf hopper that is only three millimetres long. On 21st Saint FM Community Radio launches its Internet stream.
        June 15th The St Helena flag flies in London’s Parliament Square. On 16th The first ‘Gravity Rush takes place in Jamestown. Cable & Wireless are the winners.
        July 16th Marksman Simon Henry wins St Helena’s first ever gold medal in the history of the Island Games. On 30th It rains for the first time since February, ending the severe water shortage.
        September 20th St Helena Government expresss “regret” for purchasing blunders that led to it wasting £105,000 importing an asphalt plant that proved unsafe and was never used.
        October 1st St Helena Telephone Numbers move from 4 to 5 digits.
        December 3st After years of pollution from the wreck of the RFA Darkdale in James Bay Britain finally agrees to remove the remaining oil from the ship. The work takes place in August 2015.

2014           See The Independant and Sentinel for weekly news archive.
        June 28st A commemorative stone and a time capsule buried in a ceremony at St Helena Airport. The ceremony was troubled by high winds…
        July 31st Reports start to spread of a strange monkey/cat creature (the ‘Moncat’), with reported sightings from all over the island. No hard evidence of its existence is ever found.
        September 4th The St Helena Airport Project announces that the filling of Dry Gut is complete.
        December 12th Human remains are found in Rupert’s Valley which are found to be of Liberated Slaves. Many graves are subsequently discovered. On 27th The 2014 Governor’s Cup Race starts from the False Bay Yacht Club in Simon’sTown, SA.

2015           See The Independant and Sentinel for weekly news archive.
        January 6th ‘Banjo’ takes line honours in the 2014 Governor’s Cup. On 8th ‘Black Cat’ arrives just before 9am and is declared winner of the 2014 Governor’s Cup On 22th Two new wasps are identified as belonging to a whole new genus endemic to St Helena. helenanomalon bonapartei, is named after St Helena’s most famous exile, while helenanomalon ashmolei is named after Philip and Myrtle Ashmole.
        March 20th The last big blast in the construction of the St Helena Airport takes place, after three years of regular explosions. On 27th It is announced that flights to the new St Helena Airport will be run by Comair, on contract to the Government of St Helena.
        April 26th High Knoll Fort is re-opened after refurbishment due to an earlier fallen wall. Argos Atlantic fails to renew its agreement with the Government of St Helena meaning its Fish Processing facility in Rupert’s will close.
        July 8th Legislative Council unanimously approves the setting up of the island’s Equality & Human Rights Commission. On 13th A logo for the St Helena Airport is announced. Following public outcry it is withdrawn and redesigned. On 24th The Government of St Helena announces that the logo for the St Helena Airport, announced on 13th July, has been withdrawn following public outcry, and will be redesigned.
        September 1st Mobile Phones are introduced on St Helena. On 15th The first aircraft ever lands at St Helena Airport on a ‘calibration flight’.
        October 6th The island’s first Equality & Human Rights Commisioners are appointed and commence work. On 17th There are celebrations to mark the 200th Anniversary of Napoleon Bonaparte’s arrival on St Helena. On 23rd The first helicopter landed at St Helena Airport, a Wildcat HMA.2 ZZ377 from 825 Squadron 201 Flight, from visiting HMS Lancaster.
        November 1st The Government of St Helena takes over the Fish Processing facility in Rupert’s formerly owned by Argos Atlantic Cold Store Ltd.
        December 10th The Wass report into alledged sexual abuse on St Helena is published. It finds the claims to be exaggerated and is critical of those who raised them, but is also heavily critical of Governor Mark Capes. The island’ Equality & Human Rights Office is formally opened, to coincide with International Human Rights Day. On 21th SNCG volunteers set up the Endemics Garden in the Leisure Park in Jamestown.

2016           See The Independant and Sentinel for weekly news archive.
        January 6th A spectacular cloud formation is seen over St Helena. Contrary to widespread expectations it does not precede an Alien Invasion (or, if it did, nobody has yet noticed!) On 7th The 2016 Census is taken. The total resident population is later given as 4,534, of which 4,122 are St Helenian and the remainder are visitors, temporary workers, etc. On 16th At a Chamber of Commerce meeting, Councillor Lawson Henry announces that he and Councillor Pamela Ward-Pierce are working on a Freedom of Information Ordinance for St Helena. On 22th Details of the new shipping service, to replace the RMS St Helena when she is retired, are announced.
        April 11th The RMS St Helena is put up for sale; she is due to finish service in July 2016, after the St Helena Airport opens. On 18th A test flight with a 737-800 aircraft (as intended to provide the scheduled commercial air service) reveals wind shear problems with the new St Helena Airport. The opening is subsequently postponed “indefinitely”. On 25th Governor Lisa Kathleen Phillips is appointed. On 26th The opening of St Helena Airport is postponed “indefinitely” after a test flight on the 18th reveals wind shear problems.
        May 20th St Helena’s Day celebrations take place, a day early due to the planned opening of St Helena Airport (which had already been postponed.)
        June 3rd The St Helena Airport is used for the first ever medical evacuation (‘Medevac’) flight - a premature baby who returned to the island some months later, fit and well. On 9th The RMS St Helena passes through Tower Bridge on her last visit to the UK. On 12th The RMS St Helena schedule is extended to July 2017, due to problems opening the St Helena Airport.
        July 3th The MV Greta arrives to dock at the new wharf in Rupert’s but because of sea conditions it can’t dock until the following day. On 4th The MV Greta is the first ship to dock at the new wharf in Rupert’s. On 13th The first three tourists to arrive by air land, brought by Antwerp aviation company ‘The Aviation Factory’, using a Bombardier Challenger 300.
        September 1th Due to lack of winter rain a hosepipe ban is imposed. More severe restrictions are imposed in November. On 4th The new Steeple is errected on St. James’ Church.
        October 21th An Avro RJ100 operated by Atlantic Star successfully lands at St Helena Airport, giving hope that a commercial service could soon be established. On 30th A Thunderstorm is recorded over the island.
        November 1st For the visit of the MV Artania, Governor Lisa Phillips opened Plantation House to tourists, offering Cream Teas. On 3th It is announced in London that a new Tender to provide a scheduled commercial air service to St Helena would begin ”next month”. On 14th Lack of winter rain causes severe water restrictions to be imposed. Water to be used for drinking, cooking and “personal washing” only. The same day…it rains!
        December 7th Government of St Helena launches the new scheduled commercial air service tender for St Helena Airport. On 15th It is announced that the Wirebird has been downgraded in the IUCN’s annual Redlist of Species-at-risk, from Critically Endangered to Vulnerable. This follows a doubling of Wirebird numbers since 2006. On 16th High Knoll Fort is illuminated for the first time. Governor Lisa Phillips switches on the lights. On 18th An RAF C130 aircraft does a test landing at St Helena Airport, the largest aircraft since the troublesome 737-800 test flight in April. It encounters no problems. On 20th Executive Council amends the regulations to allow the bones of the slaves excavated from there in 2011/12 to be re-interred there in a special mausoleum.

2017           See The Independant and Sentinel for weekly news archive.
        January 10th Lord Ashcroft, one of those who argued for building St Helena Airport, was finally able to arrive by plane, after flying over the island in December 2009. On 18th The first yacht in the World Arc Rally 2016/17 reaches St Helena - Resolute II. On 25th It is reported that the endemic Spiky Yellow Woodlouse fluoresces in ultraviolet light - making them much easier to find! On 26th Sail training ship SS Sørlandet, the world’s oldest operating rigged ship, arrives in James Bay. It remains until 29th.
        February 4th Over the weekend of 4th/5th February there is the first heavy rain since water restrictions were imposed in November 2016. 10mm is recorded at the Bottom Woods weather station. But it is not enough for the restrictions to be lifted (that happens on 27th February). On 13th S.A.M.S. Radio 1 celebrated its 4th birthday with continuous live programming from 7am to midnight. On 16th It is announced that formal planning approval has been given for Shelco’s Broad Bottom development. On 23th It is announced that the 2017 wirebird census has recorded 572 birds - a record. On 25th The RMS St Helena reports an engine problem. This is later found to be serious and future scheduled voyages are disrupted. On 27th After much heavy rain in the month, the water restrictions imposed on 14th November 2016 and the hosepipe ban imposed on 1st September 2016 are both lifted.
        March 4th South Atlantic Media Services Ltd. (S.A.M.S.) announces that, due to an unfavourable outcome of the Media Review undertaken by Government of St Helena, all its operations will close on 31st March. (After negotiation with Government of St Helena the closedown is called off 14 days later.) On 24th South Atlantic Media Services Ltd. (S.A.M.S.) announces that, following negotiations with Government of St Helena, the closedown of its operations announced on 10th March has been called off.
        April 3rd The MV St Helena makes her first call at St Helena, filling a gap caused by engine problems with the RMS St Helena. On 14th The RMS St Helena’s engine problems are reported to be worse than originally thought, causing further scheduled voyage disruptions. The St Helena Red Cross re-established after dissolving in the 1970s. On 25th Following the Media Review undertaken by Government of St Helena, the S.A.M.S. Pure Gold radio station and TV News service ‘Newsbyte’ close down. On 26th The Bottom Woods weather station reports rainfall of 48.6mm in a 24-hour period, an island record. The previous highest was 44.1mm on 13th May 1987.
        May 1st Wirebird numbers are reported to be up 13 on last year’s numbers, 572 in total. On 2ndThe St Helena Red Cross holds a re-launch event at Plantation House. It was re-established in April after dissolving in the 1970s. On 3rdThe Government of St Helena charters a flight from Cape Town to bring home passengers stranded by the RMS breakdown. On announces on S.A.M.S. Radio 1 that it has been advised by the Government of St Helena that it has been eliminated from the Scheduled Commercial Air Service Tender process. On 5thThe RMS St Helena’s engine problems having been fixed, the ship sails at 2am for St Helena, arriving on 9th May. On 15th The voting age is lowered to 17, in time for 17 year olds to vote in the 26th July 2017 General Election. Apparently fewer than 10 actually do so.
        June 9th The Government of St Helena announces that South African airline SA Airlink has won the tender to supply a scheduled commercial air service to St Helena, but details of the service to be provided are not announced. On 28th A Debit Card scheme begins trials on St Helena. The scheme is for island use only; cards will not work overseas and overseas cards will not work within the scheme. On 30th Competition ends in the Island Games on Gotland, Sweden. St Helena has won two Gold, one Silver and two Bronze medals.
        July 12th It is announced that St Helena is to feature on Google Street View On the 16th A classical music concert is held at St. James’ Church to raise funds for the restoration of the church’s 100-year old pipe organ. Visting organist Jérôme Giersé played as did some local trainee organists and others. On 21st Details of the scheduled commercial air service are announced. On 26th A General Election is held; the first in which 17 year olds are able to vote. Apparently fewer than 10 actually do so.
        August 2nd At the opening of Legislative Council new and re-elected councillors speak out against the Oath of Confidentiality, describing it as “an afront to democracy” - but they swear it anyway. On 21st A ‘proving flight’, using the Embraer E190-100IGW planned for the air service, landed successfully at St Helena Airport, despite relatively windy conditions. On 30th Air Fares are announced after the ExCo meeting, with flights expected to start on 14th October 2017.
        September 22nd Air Tickets for flights to St Helena are supposed to go on sale at 8am, but due to technical diificulties, they don’t until later in the day. On 26th It is reported that 68 tickets have been sold for the scheduled 14th October flight to St Helena.

  1. Bank of England inflation calculator (Used for inflation adjustments)
  3. - chronology.htm
  1. April 13, 1796 First elephant in america | No date
  1. - St Helena Ladder Hill Railway | 16 November 2010
  1. The Saturday Magazine - p.159-160 | 26th Otober 1839
  1. St Helena: A Maritime History Chapeter 17, Trevor Boult | 2016
  1. National Archives Image Library - St Helena seen from the sea | No Date
  2. National Archives - Dispatches CO 247/181 | 1914
  3. National Archives - PART III St Helena, pages 212-289. ADM 137/8/2 | 1914
  4. National Archives - Headquarters: Correspondence and telegrams WO 106/1411 | 1914/5
  5. National Archives - Dispatches CO 247/183 | 1915
        Notes: National Archives First world war - St Helena (Outbreak of War) | No Date
  1. National Archives - Despatches CO 247/183 | 1915
  2. National Archives - Despatches CO 247/184 | 1916
  3. National Archives - Despatches CO 247/185 | 1917
  4. National Archives - Despatches CO 247/186 | 1918
        Notes: National Archives First world war - St Helena (Home Front) | No Date
  1. One Hundred Men Documentary | 9 May 2011
  1. BBC St Helena profile | 16 March 2016
  1. BBC St Helena profile | 16 March 2016

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